Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

February 2022


Special Focus: Digital Technologies

Optimize refining operations using plant digital twin based on molecular modeling
Aspen Technology: Hou, Z.  |  Wang, S.  |  Campbell, D.  |  Chan, W.

A new era of the energy revolution has arrived with the rapid growth of innovative technologies that utilize alternative energy resources, such as electricity, solar, wind and hydrogen, and an increasing demand for sustainable use of natural resources.

Web-based software for predicting crude compatibility and optimization for increasing heavy oil processing
Bharat Petroleum Corp. Ltd.: Kumar, R.  |  Rakshit, P. K.  |  John, M.  |  Voolapalli, R. K.

Refineries in oil-importing nations typically process a blend of crude oils, rather than a single crude oil, to ensure that an optimum product mix can be obtained at the minimum costs.

Why robotic process automation is quickly becoming a must for downstream companies
Accenture: Andrade, A.
SAP: Lauzon, S.

For the refining operation that wants to relieve its planning team of mind-numbing manual data-management tasks, there are bots for that.

Process Optimization

Debottlenecking of an extractive distillation column for aromatics recovery: Effect of feed pre-vaporization
Reliance Industries Ltd.: Rewatkar, M.  |  Patidar, P.  |  Patil, R.  |  Gupta, A.  |  Garg, M.

Extractive distillation is one of the most efficient techniques to separate aromatic and non-aromatic hydrocarbons by increasing the relative volatility of the mixture in the presence of a solvent.

Bio-based Processing

Impact of biofeed retrofits, co-processing on refinery amine units, SWSs and SRUs—Part 2
Sulphur Experts: Le Grange, P.  |  Tekebayev, K.  |  Goettler, L.  |  Kiebert, J.
Amine Experts: Sheilan, M.

Producing diesel with a portion of biologically sourced carbon is being done at an increasing number of conventional crude oil refineries.

Plant Design, Engineering, Construction and Commissioning

Productivity in process plant engineering: Aspects and examples

For centuries, division of labor has been the recipe to improve productivity—dividing an organizational set of tasks into smaller tasksets, as assigned to individuals.

Piping interface type selection
Saudi Aramco: Alsuayyid, A.  |  Jadav, N.

Most oil and gas process plant projects involve multiple work packages executed by different lump sum turnkey (LSTK) contractors executing work within their own package, with a final piping interface connection at an agreed boundary limit to accomplish the interface joint between two parties and successfully close the piping interface.

100th Anniversary

History of the HPI: The 1930s: Catalytic cracking, polyethylene, synthetic fibers, resins and jet engines
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

The hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) has a rich history of discovery, challenges, breakthroughs, trial and error, collaboration and success. <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> continues its reflection on the history of the HPI.

HP Flashback: Operations, processes and safety evolve and advance: Excerpts from the 1930s
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

The following is a mixture of technical articles, columns and headlines published in the 1930s by <i>The Refiner and Natural Gasoline Manufacturer</i>, the forerunner to <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i>.

Industry Pioneers: Polymer science, catalytic cracking and chemical advances
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

The Austrian-born chemist, Hermann Francis Mark, is well-known for his contributions to the development of polymer science, which he devoted more than 60 yr of his life to.

Plant Turnarounds and Project Management

Construction pitfalls in SRU-fabricated equipment
Consultant: Dixit, P.

In the hydrocarbon processing industry, sulfur recovery is a well-known process. However, this process uses a variety of equipment.

Heat Transfer

Calculate temperature at the bottom of pipe supports and heat loss rate
L&T-Chiyoda Ltd.: Pandey, A. K.  |  Modi, A.  |  Darji, P.  |  Sharma, S.

Pipes transporting hot media are insulated to reduce heat loss and maintain the required process conditions.

Case study: Challenges in the selection of a helical baffled exchanger

In a greenfield project, a proprietary heat exchanger<sup>a</sup> has been found to be preferable to conventional shell-and-tube (S&T) exchangers to optimize the total lifecycle cost (i.e., capital, operating, installation and maintenance costs).

Valves, Pumps and Turbomachinery

Achieve greater reliability with a redesigned instrument manifold
Emerson: Haschke, B.

Across industries, ranging from chemical upstream oil and gas to food and beverage applications, the manifold has proven to be a solid and hard-working instrument that receives little attention until it stops performing as designed.

Environment and Safety

Are hot pipes and equipment surfaces ignition sources in the HPI?
Bechtel India Pvt Ltd.: Biradar, B.  |  Agarwal, A.

Most international and national standards used in the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) for conducting hazardous area classification do not provide any guidance or recommendation for non-electrical equipment, such as hot pipe and equipment surfaces, that can act as ignition sources.

Upkeep down the pipe: Plant shutdowns and water treatment
Pace Solutions: Allen, B.

The maintenance checklist for a plant shutdown can sometimes look intimidating and, in the face of a short timeline, unnerving.


Editorial Comment: Adoption of digital technologies is a mainstay in the HPI
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

A few years ago, <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> started to include digital technologies in its monthly article focus.

Reliability: Resourcefulness solves problems
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

In the now almost 32 yr since this monthly column was first published, we have had more than a few occasions to highlight the pitfalls of trial-and-error solutions in plants that process toxic, flammable or explosive materials.

Engineering Case Histories: Case 115: A method for analyzing catastrophic type failures
Consulting Engineer: Sofronas, A.

A portion of my consulting career involved investigating catastrophic type failures on machines, pressure vessels and structures in the industry.

Executive Viewpoint: What is the future for the HPI?
Lummus Technology: Sardina, H.

<i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> sat down with Helion Sardina (HS), Chief Commercial Officer, Lummus Technology.

Process Controls, Instrumentation and Automation: Reduce maintenance costs by optimizing pressure transmitter calibration intervals
Emerson Automation Solutions: Burton, B.

Pressure instrumentation is crucial for the functionality and safety of hydrocarbon processing facilities worldwide.

Industry Perspectives: Capital investments/major trends affecting the global HPI
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

In late January, Tyler Campbell, Associate Editor, <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i>, <i>Gas Processing & LNG</i>, and <i>H2Tech</i>, presented an update on the global capital construction landscape at the Engineering and Construction Contracting (ECC) Extra Conference in New Orleans, Louisiana (U.S.).

Business Trends: Protecting OT environments against targeted cyber attacks
Ernst & Young: Ajayi, V.
Georgia Pacific: Carroll, M.
Guffman Ventures: Chevis, M.
Fortinet: Gil-Ortega, A. V.
PAS Global: Habibi, E.
Covanta: Klotz, T.
PNM Resources: Laas, J.  |  Wilcox, S.

Digitalization and Industry 4.0 initiatives require tight integration between complex, heterogeneous and highly complex industrial control systems (ICS) and enterprise information technology (IT).

Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

Hunter Buildings names Michael Draper as Chief Operating Officer