November 2018


Special Focus: Instrumentation and Automation

Improve refinery production and efficiency with asset monitoring
Donnangelo, M., Emerson Automation Solutions

The sheer volume of equipment in a refinery—from vessels, columns, huge structures and mazes of pipes to pumps, valves, controllers and instruments—is staggering.

Dynamic simulation for FGRS design and controllability analysis
Chou, Y., Oriental Petrochemical Co. Ltd.; Hong, T., CTCI Advanced Systems Inc.

In this study, a dynamic model of a flare gas recovery system (FGRS) with a high-pressure eductor compression system was developed in a dynamic simulation for process design verification, control scheme evaluation and an availability study.

Advanced process control metrics: Closing the loop on APC performance
Kern, A., APC Performance LLC

For more than 30 yr, advanced process control (APC) has established itself as an important and relatively routine and valued part of the industrial process control and operation landscape.

New cable sealing system offers cost and maintenance savings for processing plants
Røe, M., Industrial Journalist

Miles of cables of various diameters are routed into new process plants, industrial plants, petrochemical plants, refineries and other industrial applications.

Process Optimization

Revamp results for CCR catalytic reforming unit with atmospheric regenerator
Kniuksta, A., Honeywell UOP; Piriyawiwatwong, W., Pipithvittaya, N., Star Petroleum Refining Public Co. Ltd.

The reformate market is changing.

Process design consideration for a deep-cut vacuum distillation unit—Part 1

In the recent past, many US refineries have been reconfigured to process heavy opportunistic sour crudes.

Reconstruct a vacuum column injector system using computer modeling—Part 2
Telyakov, E. S., Osipov, E. V., Bugembe, D., Kazan National Research Technological University

Steam ejector vacuum systems are the most common means of creating and maintaining a vacuum in the process units of oil and gas processing facilities.

Environment and Safety

The benefits of unmanned aerial vehicles in plant inspection services
Smith, M., Spitfire Aerial Services

As the technology surrounding unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones (FIG. 1), continues to advance, so too do the ways they are used.

Supply Chain

Bringing Industry 4.0 to the terminal
Kessler, R., Oceaneering International Inc.

The oil and gas industry is no stranger to the power of Industry 4.0 solutions that aggregate sensor and planning/forecasting data into a single shared view, as well as deliver valuable analytics and real-time alerting capabilities.

Fluid Flow and Rotating Equipment

Phenomenon of flow distribution in manifolds
Jain, S., Patil, R., Gupta, A., Reliance Industries Ltd.

Flow distribution is widely encountered in refinery operations, such as air distribution to burners, fluid distribution to parallel heat exchangers and the distribution of reactants in reactors.

Understand API and ASME standards to prevent oversizing PSVs
Taylor, B., Anvil Corporation

If you have ever sized or selected a pressure safety relief valve (PSV) using vendor sizing programs or hand calculations, you have probably run into a strange anomaly.


Editorial Comment: Looking back and looking ahead
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In this editorial comment and the next, we look back at the downstream processing industry in 2018, and into 2019 and beyond.

Reliability: Pre-select a multidisciplinary failure analysis provider
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Suppose you are among the average mid-size plants that simply cannot afford to hire, train or otherwise employ subject matter experts (SMEs) in every one of the different disciplines within your company.

Engineering Case Histories—Case 104: Energy in steam boiler explosions
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

Steam boiler explosions happen all over the world, as an internet search will reveal.

Digital: Improve profitability in the process industry with artificial intelligence
Bergman, S., NAPCON

The digitalization of chemical processes is becoming a critical factor in ensuring the profitability of chemical plants.

Automation Strategies: Effective change leadership critical for successful digital transformation
Reynolds, P., ARC Advisory Group

Effective change leadership critical for successful digital transformation

Refining—The evolving base oil industry: The Group 1 shift
Walko, T., ExxonMobil

In April, ExxonMobil launched its 2018 Basestocks Industry Pulse Report. Supported by survey responses from 300 base oil decision makers around the world, the report reveals their own perspectives into the key market trends and industry drivers in the base oils business.

Viewpoint—Industry 4.0: Demystifying the next big thing in oil and gas
Habibi, E., PAS Global

Until a few years ago, the term Industrial Revolution referred to the significant technological changes that began in the late 1700s with the advent of the steam engine, leading to the mechanization of work and the unprecedented economic growth and prosperity that followed.

Roundtable: Digital transformation in oil and gas: Is the hype justified and is the industry going far enough?
Lehmann, S., Petrotechnics; Malladi, M., Reliance Industries Ltd.; Marx, J., Airswift; Ward, R., McKinsey Energy Insights

Digital transformation in oil and gas: Is the hype justified and is the industry going far enough?

Industry Perspectives
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

As mentioned in the editorial comment of the October issue of Hydrocarbon Processing, the nominees for the 2018 Top Project awards are out.

Business Trends
Newton, M., AVEVA

The oil and gas industry is at a turning point.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Refinery margins weakened on retreating demand and backlash from nature, despite the onset of peak refinery maintenance season.

Global Project Data
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database is tracking more than 1,300 active projects in the hydrocarbon processing industries worldwide.

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

AMETEK Brookfield introduces the new TT-100 IECEx explosion-proof inline viscometer.

HP Crossword
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

All answers can be found within this issue of Hydrocarbon Processing.

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

R. Grace & Co. has named Jag Reddy as VP of strategy and growth, where he will address key growth priorities, including strengthening the company’s innovation, commercial and manufacturing capabilities.

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Dr. Kheng Lau, BP, presented the keynote address on using high-fidelity simulators for training on day two of Hydrocarbon Processing’s International Refining and Petrochemical Conference (IRPC) Americas.