- Global Energy Infrastructure
Special Focus: Plant Safety and Environment
Building blocks of process safety
Environment & Safety / Refining / Corrosion / Crude oil / Loss Prevention / Natural Gas / Piping / Safety
Major incidents continue to strike the oil and gas industry at regular intervals.
Built-up backpressure at the outlet flange of a pressure relief valve
Even for pressure relief valves (PRVs) discharging directly to the atmosphere through short tailpipes, API 520 Part 11 warns that choked flow may develop at the outlet flange, resulting in high backpressure.
Integrating fire and gas safety with process control systems: Why, what and how
Environment & Safety / Gas Processing/LNG / Construction / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Middle East / Petrochemicals / Loss Prevention / Refining / Safety
If a fire, smoke or gas leak is detected in a hydrocarbon processing facility, prescriptive actions must be taken by the fire and gas (F&G) safety system, as well as by the process control system (PCS), to mitigate and control the hazard.
High-reliability organizing for a new paradigm in safety
Should the chemical industry be satisfied with its existing safety programs, or is change needed to create a new paradigm?
Maintenance and Reliability
Fouling mitigation strategies for process gas compressors in olefins plants
Indorama Eleme Petrochemicals’ olefins plant in Port Harcourt, Nigeria is designed to produce 300,000 tpy of polymer-grade ethylene and 126,000 tpy of polymer-grade propylene through the pyrolysis or thermal cracking of natural gas liquids (NGL).
Importance of welding procedure software
Welding is an ocean of substance, a technique without which the joining of metals is impossible.
Amine pumps upgraded for improved operations and reliability
Asia/Pacific / Gas Processing/LNG / Maintenance & Reliability / Carbon Management / Economics / Engineering & Design / Loss Prevention / Pumps / Rotating Equipment / Safety
A gas processing plant in Malaysia eliminated a source of expensive failures in its acid gas removal unit (AGRU).
Understand the installation of steam tracing for long-term application success—Part 2
One of the most misunderstood and misused components of conductive steam tracing systems is heat transfer compound (HTC).
Methodology for model-based, real-time prediction of corrosion in heat exchangers
In the chemical and process industries, gases or vapor mixtures must be cooled to temperatures near the water dewpoint in a variety of thermal unit operations.
Reconstruct a vacuum column injector system using computer modeling—Part 1
Steam ejector vacuum systems are the most common means of creating and maintaining a vacuum in the process units of oil and gas processing facilities.
Process Control and Instrumentation
The road to successful plant modernization
Any personnel working in a refinery or heavy petrochemical plant with “vintage” automation equipment are painfully aware of the effects a distributed control system (DCS) from the 1990s, 1980s or even earlier can have on operations.
Editorial Comment: HP Top Projects awards are back!
It’s that time again! <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> has announced the nominees for its annual Top Project awards.
Reliability: Defining process hazard analysis and loss control advisory tasks
The safety and reliability of fluid machinery has been the subject of hundreds of columns, books and articles over the past decades.
Engineering Case Histories: Case 103—Addressing heat exchanger tube leaks
Heat exchangers have multiple tubes with fluid passing through and over them that either heats or cools another fluid.
Viewpoint: New thinking to old problems
The oil and gas industry is aging, and it is time to get wiser when it comes to training and productivity.
Africa: New maritime emissions rules to impact Africa’s downstream sector
As the 2020 deadline set by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) for the implementation of low-carbon shipping regulations inches closer, African refineries are still grappling with the question of how to finance the upgrading of oil processing plants to enable them to produce the required low-sulfur marine fuels and reduce reliance on noncompliant import fuels for powering the region’s shipping industry.
Maintenance: Improving plant performance by changing a maintenance culture
Over the last 2 yr, the plant maintenance department (PMD) at Eastman Chemical Co.’s Longview, Texas site produced these significant improvements to plant performance.
Risk: Measuring margins—Avoiding complacency when the market is stable
When top oil marketer Geneva Energy Markets LLC liquidated its trading book holding<sup>1</sup> “millions of barrels of open interest across crude oil, refined products and natural gas,” managing partner Mark Vonderheide emphasized the pressures and potential damage of new market regulations.
Viewpoint: Reducing the sulfur shadow— Who pays the price?
Africa / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Europe / Biofuels / Carbon Management / Construction / Desulfurization / Diesel / Economics / Environment / Environment & Safety / Hydrotreating / Middle East / Products / Refining / Sulfur / Treating
The International Maritime Organization’s (IMO’s) 2020 regulation has been described as the most disruptive change to impact the oil industry in the past 30 yr.
Trends & Resources
Industry Perspectives: New downstream project announcements surge 43% over the past year
According to the <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> Construction Boxscore Database, more than 320 new downstream capital projects have been announced over the past year.
Gas Processing/LNG / Maintenance & Reliability / Loss Prevention / Management / Petrochemicals / Process Optimization / Project Management / Refining
Across the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI), executives are buzzing about operational excellence.
Americas / Environment & Safety / Analyzers / Catalysts / Construction / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Gas Processing/LNG / Information Systems / Loss Prevention / Management / Natural Gas / Maintenance & Reliability / Process Control / Process Optimization / Products / Project Management / Refining / Rotating Equipment / Safety
Jenny Hebert and George Yaluris of Albemarle accept the <i>HP</i> Award for Best Catalyst Technology.
The US product market strengthened, mainly supported by higher product exports, particularly to Latin America.
Global Project Data
Construction / Economics / Gas Processing/LNG / Petrochemicals / Natural Gas / Refining / Africa / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Middle East
According to <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i>’s Construction Boxscore Database, more than 320 new projects have been announced in the downstream processing industry over the past year.
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Construction Boxscore: Project Spotlight
Long Son Petrochemicals Complex
Long Son, Vietnam
Siam Cement Group