- Global Energy Infrastructure
Special Focus: Alternative Feedstocks/Biofuels
Production of renewable fuels in existing refinery assets: A cost-effective coprocessing strategy
Vegetable oils are a renewable biomass resource used in the production of biofuels. Biodiesel production from transesterification of vegetable oils (fatty acid methyl ester, or FAME) is the primary route for producing biofuels from vegetable oils.
Optimize LNG production through contaminant mitigation—Part 1
The production of liquefied natural gas (LNG) requires a number of stages to effectively purify the feed gas. These stages are essential to maintain continuous operation and to meet product specifications.
Integrate solar/thermal energy in oil and gas processing
One of the greatest challenges facing the world is climate change, the aftermath of emissions of greenhouse gases into our atmosphere. Awareness of climate change and its causes is spurring the development of new methods to reduce carbon dioxide emissions.
Maximizing energy efficiency in paraxylene production—Part 2
Petrochemicals / Process Optimization / Aromatics / Compressors / Economics / Equipment / Greenhouse Gases / Loss Prevention / Reactors / Utilities
Due to reduced margins, higher energy costs and rising atmospheric carbon dioxide content, energy efficiency has never been more important in refining and petrochemicals. This is particularly true in the modern aromatics complex, which produces paraxylene (pX), benzene and other aromatics from naphtha.
Advancing export terminal technology: An optimized process for the refrigeration of cryogenic hydrocarbons
Gas Processing/LNG / Petrochemicals / Process Optimization / Catalysts / Compressors / Construction / Engineering & Design / Equipment / Hydrogen / Natural Gas / Polymers / Pumps / Reactors / Utilities / Americas
Ethane production in North America (NA) has expanded dramatically with the onset of shale production and associated hydraulic fracturing. Ethane concentrations in fractured shale gas are typically 10% or higher vs. a traditional range of 4%–7% in associated gas.
Outlook: Industry Leaders’ Viewpoints
2018 Industry Leaders’ Viewpoints
Environment & Safety / Gas Processing/LNG / Refining / Acid Gas Removal / Carbon Management / Construction / Crude oil / Desulfurization / Economics / Engineering & Design / Environment / Greenhouse Gases / Loss Prevention / Natural Gas / Products / Sulfur / Treating / Africa / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Europe / Middle East
To kick off the new year, industry leaders and esteemed colleagues shared their viewpoints on 2018 and beyond with Hydrocarbon Processing. These viewpoints offer insight into growing regions of activity, technological advances, and how the downstream industry can innovate in 2018 and into the future.
Process Control and Instrumentation
Migrating from Fortran to ISA S-88
A major refiner operates two catalytic reforming units for gasoline octane improvement and aromatics production in Texas. In each of these units, five reactors filled with catalyst are operated continuously in series to reform paraffinic hydrocarbons in the presence of hydrogen (H2). During this process, some byproduct coke is unavoidably produced and deposits on the catalyst, which leads to gradual catalyst deactivation.
Incorporate assurance into an operational readiness program—Part 2
Maintenance & Reliability / Petrochemicals / Project Management / Refining / Construction / Engineering & Design / Loss Prevention / Management / Safety
Investors have a critical need for assurance that the asset they are invested in will achieve continuous operation at the designed rates, as well as meet—and hopefully surpass—reliability, availability and maintenance targets safely.
Editorial Comment: Biofuels—A viable fuel source for the future?
Environment & Safety / Refining / Biofuels / Construction / Diesel / Gasoline / Greenhouse Gases / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Europe
This issue of <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> focuses on the use of alternative feedstocks and biofuels. The goal of utilizing these technologies is to produce fuels and products that lower total carbon output/emissions, which is a major focus in decarbonizing economies around the world.
Reliability: Dry gas sealing technology replaces segmented carbon rings in small steam turbines
Since the late 1800s, small steam turbines have incorporated bushing-type, single-piece and/or segmented carbon gland components to reduce and prevent steam leakage along the shaft.
Management: Active career management
A career involves a series of decisions and experiences that improve a person’s knowledge, competencies and personal fulfillment.
Engineering Case Histories—Case 99: Pooling knowledge and experience builds personal and team success
Maintenance & Reliability / Process Control / Project Management / Refining / Engineering & Design / Loss Prevention / Management / People / Safety
With the help of an excellent mentor, I became adept at analyzing equipment and structures at the start of my career, using analytical techniques.
Engineering Practices—CAD for plant layout: Being right by being safe
When we think of oil and gas industry hazards, we often perceive them as an enormous oil rig engulfed in flames in the middle of nowhere.
Trends and Resources
Industry Perspectives: New gas processing/LNG project announcements increase for the first time in three years
Gas Processing/LNG / Construction / Natural Gas / Africa / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Europe / Middle East
According to <i>Hydrocarbon Processing’s</i> Construction Boxscore Database, nearly 800 new projects have been announced since 2015. Over the past few years, new project announcements have decreased each year. However, the rate of decline has slowed over the past year.
Business Trends: The future of LNG—Part 1
Gas Processing/LNG / Carbon Management / Construction / Economics / Natural Gas / Africa / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Europe / Middle East
Over the past several years, new gas processing/LNG capacity has surged in nearly every region. Growth on both the supply and demand sides has resulted in the announcement of billions of dollars of capital investment across the world. Millions of tons of new LNG import and export capacity have commenced operations, with hundreds of millions of tons still under development.
US product markets improved, supported by higher export opportunities amid unexpected refinery outages.
Global Project Data
<i>Hydrocarbon Processing’s</i> Construction Boxscore Database is tracking more than 330 active gas processing/LNG projects around the world.
Braskem and Haldor Topsoe have signed a technological cooperation agreement to develop a pioneering route to produce monoethylene glycol (MEG) from sugar.
Catalyst Technology Update
A new generation of dewaxing catalysts
The refining industry has been considering incorporating dewaxing in ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) and hydrocracking services to increase the flexibility of hydroprocessing units and to process more barrels by increasing the endpoint of the feed when diesel margins are favorable.
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- Indonesia's Pertamina starts carbon injection tests in Sukowati oil and gas field 12/8
- Australia's Woodside, Santos in talks for $53-B oil-gas merger 12/8
- India’s Russian oil imports seen rising on lower prices 12/8
- Nigeria's Dangote refinery receives first crude cargo 12/8
- Details of Canada's planned regulations to limit oil and gas emissions 12/8
- INEOS announces the acquisition of the LyondellBasell ethylene oxide & derivatives business and production facility at Bayport, Texas (U.S.) for $700 MM 12/8
Construction Boxscore: Project Spotlight
Long Son Petrochemicals Complex
Long Son, Vietnam
Siam Cement Group