- Global Energy Infrastructure
As environmental regulations are becoming more stringent on reduced nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide emissions, burner designs are changing to meet revised regulations. The heater design must complement the chosen burner for optimal performance. Although design duty is considered to be the main focus of the heater design, the range of heater operation and its impact on heater safety and emissions needs are often neglected.
Environment & Safety / Process Optimization / Refining / Acid Gas Removal / Construction / Distillation / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Furnaces / Loss Prevention / Management / Products / Sulfur / Treating / Middle East
In the production of clean fuels, plastics and other hydrocarbon-based products, refineries and petrochemical facilities generate unwanted (waste) byproducts. Having no market value, the undesired byproducts must be recycled, minimized or eliminated. Depending on the feedstocks, end products and reactant materials, the unwanted materials can be gases, liquids or multiphase materials.
Engineering & Design / Environment / Environment & Safety / Equipment / Furnaces / Carbon Management / Analyzers / Heat Transfer / Maintenance & Reliability / Petrochemicals / Process Control / Refining / Information Systems / Loss Prevention / Rotating Equipment / Safety
From refining to chemical production processes, heaters play an essential role in hydrocarbon processing applications.
Environment & Safety / Maintenance & Reliability / Petrochemicals / Refining / Construction / Crude oil / Drivers / Economics / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Furnaces / Products / Safety / Africa / Asia/Pacific / Americas / Europe / Middle East
Whether it is heating process fluids to achieve enough temperature in crude atmospheric and vacuum distillation units, or reaction temperatures inside furnace tubes to produce ethylene, vinyl chloride monomer, synthetic gas and continuous catalytic reformer reactors, or simple process heating (thermal fluid), process furnaces play a critical role in refineries and petrochemical complexes.
Ethylene is a precursor to many chemicals, fibers and plastics that are used in daily life.
Boilers / Carbon Management / Engineering & Design / Environment & Safety / Environment / Equipment / Furnaces / Loss Prevention / Management / Refining / Americas
Refineries cannot afford a sudden boiler failure (FIG. 1). Regularly assessing the condition of boilers is vital.
If you have ever sized or selected a pressure safety relief valve (PSV) using vendor sizing programs or hand calculations, you have probably run into a strange anomaly.
Process Optimization / Refining / Catalysts / Construction / Distillation / Engineering & Design / Equipment / Furnaces / Heat Transfer / Loss Prevention / Products / Reactors
In the recent past, many US refineries have been reconfigured to process heavy opportunistic sour crudes.
One of the most misunderstood and misused components of conductive steam tracing systems is heat transfer compound (HTC).
Environment & Safety / Maintenance & Reliability / Process Optimization / Refining / Engineering & Design / Environment / Furnaces / Loss Prevention / Natural Gas / Safety
This work is a follow-up article to “Automate furnace controls to improve safety and energy efficiency,” which was published in the June 2014 edition of <i>Hydrocarbon Processing.</i>
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