Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

June 2006


Special Report: Process/Plant Optimization

Increase product value through process modeling
KBC Advanced Technologies, Inc.: Chukman, G.  |  Goodrich, R.
Saudi Aramco: Yeh, G. J.

Using a rigorous refinery-wide simulation, a refiner moved more low-value products into value-added end products

Accurately predict radiation from flare stacks
John Zink Co. LLC: Baukal, C.
Institute of Process Equipment: Hong, W.
Smith & Burgess LLC: White, J.

Using this technique can take the guess work out of design calculations and improve costs

Logistics: the missing link in blend scheduling optimization
Honeywell Process Solutions: Kelly, J. D.

Incorporating them can yield significant improvements in efficiency and productivity

Upgrade refinery residuals into value-added products
Foster Wheeler USA Corp.: Elliott, J. D.
MOL Plc Danube Refinery: Kovac, M.  |  Movik, G.

A European refiner effectively uses delayed coking to exit residual fuel-oil market

Balance tail gas operations
Alon USA: Sanghavi, K.

Cutting corners can incur long-term performance issues and expenses; this refiner used revamp monies wisely to stretch capacity and increase equipment availability

Ask more from vendors when revamping your distillation column
Bantrel Co.: Zeidan, A.

Common-sense approach uncovers potential problems when upgrading tower internals

Collaborative production management: a stepwise approach from key performance indicators to workflow processes
Matrikon: Brown, M.

Understanding the stages and having a strong vision of where you need to go are essential first steps

Asset Management

A primer on obtaining technology patents
The Buskop Law Group: Buskop, W. K . B.

Four key benefits can evolve from filing the paperwork


Failure analysis of ethylene cracking heater convection section dilution steam tube
Reliance Industries Ltd.: Gupta, R. P.
IPCL: Moon, P.

Several inspection techniques were required to determine the root cause of the failure

Engineering Case Histories

Case 33: Vessels in high-cycle service
Consulting Engineer: Sofronas, A.

Weld failures can be due to manufacturing defects


HP Control: Solomon Associates' advanced process control survey
Petrocontrol: Friedman, Y. Z.

Measuring advanced process control (APC) benefits is as important as it is difficult. We justify APC projects on estimations that the unit operation would improve. To the extent that these preproject ..

HP Reliability: Organizing for continuous improvement
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Our respected colleague and coauthor of a series of books on machinery reliability improvement, Fred Geitner, recently took a look at North American refineries. He wanted to see how they are typically..

HP Integration Strategies: Leveraging simulation to design, operate and maintain plants
ARC Advisory Group: Fiske, T.

A process plant goes through several distinct life cycle phases that include designing, building, commissioning, operating and maintaining the asset (Fig. 1). Each of these activities contributes to p..

HPIn Europe: Lessons learned and forgotten
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

We've so far had a couple of progress reports from the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) about the big bang at Buncefield, UK, in December. Its investigation continues, and soon we'll have a third. We..

HP Innovations

Efficient process removes C2 from natural gas TOYO Engineering Corp. has developed COREFLUX (Cold Reflux) – new technology to extract NG liquids (NGLs) from natural gas (NG) and/or liquefied NG (..

New Developments

Advanced condition monitoring system The LEWA CMS monitors the function of components and parameters that are critical to correct operation of reciprocating diaphragm pump heads. Impact sound sensors ..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Cheniere LNG, Inc., has a contract with Invensys Process Systems to implement a terminal operations management system (TOMS) for the company's Sabine Pass LNG receiving terminal. The complex is being ..

HP Construction: South America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Petróleo Brasileiro SA (Petrobras) is using Invensys Process Systems to implement Triconex triple modular redundant technology (TMR) for safety instrumented systems applications. The TMR technolo..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Essent and ConocoPhillips completed a feasibility study for a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal at the Port of Eemshaven in the North Groningen municipality of Eemsmond, The Netherlands. The compan..

HP Construction: Africa
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

CB&I has a lump-sum contract to provide a gas processing and treating complex in Cabinda Province, Angola, for Cabinda Gulf Oil Co. Ltd. (CABGOC), a wholly owned Chevron subsidiary. CABGOC operates Bl..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

CB&I has a lump-sum turnkey contract exceeding $150 million to engineer and construct multiple tanks to store liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and gas condensate. The project is located in Ras Laffan Ind..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Yara International ASA has opened what is claimed to be the world's largest greenfield ammonia plant in Burrup, Western Australia. The facility has a 760,000 metric tpy liquid ammonia production capac..

Free Literature

Stud bolts and ring gaskets Dan-Loc Bolt & Gasket offers a full range of stud bolts and ring-joint gaskets. The company's manufacturing approach includes rigid testing and quality procedures. Stud bo..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  Summer energy price outlook Rising crude oil prices have slowed world petroleum demand growth, neverth..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Aromatics: global economics impact pricing trends
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Worldwide, reforming accounts for 35% of benzene production; 20% is produced from toluene, of which 80% is reformate based. Nearly 87% of xylene production is extracted directly from reformate, and 10..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Imports still critical for Asia-Pacific aromatics markets
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The state of the aromatics industry in Asia-Pacific was featured in a recent outlook by Bert de Guzman of DeWitt & Co. Assessing how long imports will prevail, he examined the region country-by-countr..

HP Impact: HPImpact: CO2 capture race highlight of European conference
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Will Europe or the US build the first commercial gasification project to produce power from solid hydrocarbons and capture and store the CO2 underground? That question was posed at the European Gasifi..

HP Impact: HPImpact: New coal pricing policy in China off to lumpy start
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Coal in China has had two types of prices since 1993. One is the market price, which applies to coal bought and sold in the market. The other is the price for coal that is used for power generation, w..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Ethanol-blended fuels may foul some underground tanks
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

With the introduction of ethanol alcohol to replace MTBE in gasoline comes the problem of storage tank compatibility. Gasoline blended with 10%, 15% and now 85% ethanol may not be compatible with many..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Europe's independent oil companies seek competitive strategies
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

In many EU countries, there are no surviving national oil headquarters. "Decisions are made from an international perspective with a decreasing influence of local conditionals. Therefore, more regiona..

HP Impact: HPImpact: South American markets heating up for plant equipment
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The demand for Brazilian ethanol and Chilean metals are two of the reasons that healthy growth is forecast for process and environmental equipment in Latin America. The market for pumps will grow from..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Survey tracks higher demand for intelligent control devices
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

A new survey of manufacturing engineers and engineering management reveals that respondents expect to continue to enhance their control systems. This will be accomplished by adding predictive maintena..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Maintenance cost control After reading the article, "Improve your annual report through maintenance cost control," (HP, January 2006), I realized that while the three maintenance programs you describ..


Determine oil content in petroleum waxes
Sharif University of Technology: Farhadi, F.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran: Mafi, M.  |  Yazdani, F.

New methodology decreases testing time and improves accuracy

Industry developments

HPI remains in strong growth cycle