Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

October 2006


Special Report: Process Control and Information Systems

Controlling hydrocracker reactor temperature
Invensys: Shepard, B.

Avoid safety incidents and runaway reactions

Faster plant testing and modeling
Matrikon: Brown, M.
Tesoro: Kautzman, G. A.
Advanced Industrial Modeling Inc.: Korchinski, W.

Automated technology performs both open-loop and closed-loop testing simultaneously

Avoid refrigeration compressor damage
Flexware, Inc.: Gresh, M. T.

Online monitoring helps prevent liquid injection and operating in choke

Set vapor velocity setpoints profitably
Clifftent Inc.: Latour, P. R.

Use Clifftent principles to account for operating limit tradeoffs and risk to substantially improve financial performance

Dynamic real-time optimization increases ethylene plant profits
Neste Jacobs Oy: Aaljoki, K.  |  Bergman, S.  |  Ojala, M.  |  Sourander, M.  |  Vanhamake, V.  |  Yli-Opas, K.
Borealis Polumers Oy: Smeds, S.  |  Vettenranta, J.

This project resulted in a $12.5 million/yr profit increase and one-month payback

Asset Management

Understand the importance and pitfalls of the patent system
Attorney-at-Law: Richard, C. R.

Ignorance of the procedures can be dangerous, while knowing a few basics can prove invaluable

Process Control/Information Systems

Fieldbus enables single-loop integrity with control-in-the-field
SINOPEC Engineering Inc.: Bu Yu, H.
Emerson Process Management: Peluso, M.

Benefits include device and process health monitoring that enable establishing asset management and predictive maintenance practices

Reactor Design

Consider using flowsheet simulators for reactor system design
Jacobs: Zhang, A.

Rigorous simulation methods assist engineers to develop accurate material/ energy balances for hydrotreating operations

Storage Tanks

Improve selection and sizing of storage tanks
Sazeh Consultants: Heydari Gorji, A.  |  Kalat Jari, H.

Guidelines help engineers select the best tank design for plant applications


HP Reliability: Vibration limits for gas turbines
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

For the past 16 years, this monthly column has often dealt with vibration issues. While many of these would best be addressed in the context of data collected and operational experience with a particu..

HP Integration Strategies: Engineering interoperability drives performance
ARC Advisory Group: Fiske, T.

Designing, operating and maintaining (DOM) an asset is a complex endeavor that consists of multiple distinct but interrelated phases, some of which are performed concurrently while others are done con..

HPIn Europe: Agency demands CO2 capture at Norway refinery
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

Last year, I said that the next refinery constructions in Europe or the US would only get the go-ahead if they included plans to capture and store CO2. I played it just a bit safe by restricting my pr..

HPIn LNG: Changing role of long-term LNG contracts
Consultant: Mokhatab, S.

The traditional liquefied natural gas (LNG) supply chain applies a carefully structured and contractually defined system to share risk among all participants. Central to this structure is the long-ter..

HP Automation Safety: Required: competent personnel
exida LLC: Goble, W.

The ANSI ISA 94.00.01-2004 (IEC 61511 Mod) standard has a clear statement about personnel competency. It says, "Persons, departments or organizations involved in safety life cycle activities shall be ..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

CB&I has a contract with Golden Pass LNG Terminal LLC to engineer, procure, fabricate and construct a liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal located near Sabine Pass, Texas. Contract value is in ..

HP Construction: South America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Solvay Indupa has approved a $150 million investment to expand and modernize its vinyls production plant at Santo Andre, Brazil. Included in the program is upgrading the plant's electrolysis unit by i..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

KBC Process Technology Ltd. has a multi-year contract with Rompetrol Rafinare SA (Rompetrol). The agreement provides for a technical service partnership at the Petromidia refinery over an initial thre..

HP Construction: Africa
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd. and Foster Wheeler (Nigeria) Ltd., in a joint venture with National Engineering & Technical Co. Ltd. (NETCO), have the front-end engineering design (FEED) contract with Chev..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Toyo Engineering Corp. (TOYO) and Hyundai Engineering and Construction Co. Ltd. (Hyundai) have jointly received a lump-sum contract for the engineering, procurement and construction of a liquid proces..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Dahua Group Ltd. has a licensing agreement with GE Energy to use its gasification technology at a chemical production facility. It will be utilized to expand Dahua Group's plant in Dalian, Liaoning, C..

Free Literature

Motors for potentially explosive atmospheres MarelliMotori offers motors for hazardous areas, synthesis of quality and convenience, and more. Motors are available for low/ medium voltage. They are fe..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  EOR project sited in Alabama The US Department of Energy (DOE) is sharing the costs of a new project that will ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Survey: Chemical industry ranks highest in disaster preparedness
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Results of a recent survey reveal that, while the chemical industry is ranked highest in disaster preparedness among six private sector industries, one in four professionals who are responsible for co..

HP Impact: HPImpact: China building to reduce dependence on imported chemicals
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

China aims to reduce the import dependence for ethylene by bringing around 15 naphtha crackers onstream from 2006 to 2010. The eight new crackers under construction total 5.5 million tons/yr (MMtpy) o..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Wireless technology used in manufacturing to grow 26%/year
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Wireless technology, now the networking backbone in homes and offices worldwide, is about to see widespread adoption where it could have its most "profound impact": on the plant floor and out in the f..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Plastic film demand in US to reach 15 billion lb in 2010
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Plastic film demand in the US is forecast to increase 2.6%/yr. This amounts to 15.2 billion pounds in 2010, valued at $12 billion (resin cost only). Total plastic film demand (including resins, additi..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Leading companies find high value from procurement function
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

 Fig. 1     High-performance companies are expected to increase their outsourcing of procurement spending to developing ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: IEA: World needs to scale-up efforts for energy efficiency
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

A review of energy technologies by the International Energy Agency suggests that innovation will make the decisive difference in creating a sustainable energy future – but only if there is bold a..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Energy exec outlines key principles for project success
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

With the HPI industry thriving, opportunities along with challenges are confronting owners and contractors during this time of unprecedented capital spending. Mark Albers, president of ExxonMobil Deve..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Over $20 billion spending for Western Canada's energy sector in 2007
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Approximately $20.7 billion will be spent on new construction projects in Western Canada in 2007, according to market research from Industrial Info Resources (IIR). The capital outlays will go toward ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Miscellany of note from HPI newsfronts
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Valero's Bill Greehey refinery achieves historic safety milestone. The plant, located in Corpus Christi, Texas, has become the first refinery to have all of its primary contractors certified with OS..

Letters to the Editor

Letters To the Editor

APC survey I am offering comments on the "HPIn Control" editorial dialog between my colleagues Dr. Y. Zak Friedman and Dr. Gregory D. Martin about "Solomon Associates' advanced process control survey"..


HP Innovations

Highest pressure rating for screw gas compressors Kobe Steel Ltd. (KOBELCO) has unveiled a series of high-pressure screw gas compressors rated up to 1,500 psig (100 barg) suction/ discharge pressure. ..

Determining plant equipment performance during transient conditions
ABB: Kneile, R.

Steady-state performance algorithms can be modified to improve accuracy

Industry developments
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Robust growth throughout HPI sectors

New Developments

Controller to benchmark valve performance The ND9000 intelligent valve controller reportedly operates with most control valve actuators, allowing users to benchmark control performance on rotary and l..