September 2015


Special Report: Refining Developments

Unload the SRU to reduce operating costs and plugging problems
Anderson, M.C., Thiosolv LLC; Kolodziej, R., Wood Group Mustang

The SWAATS process can unload SRU capacity and reduce plugging problems and operating costs in a safer and environmentally-friendly way, especially as refiners find rising amounts of ammonia and SWSG.

Enabling the refinery of the future—Safety first
Mulholland, D., Trinity Integrated Systems

Within this “new” economy, automation systems must be capable of delivering new levels of productivity and scalability, while ensuring safety, managing globalizations and addressing new workforce demographics.

Implement best practices in enterprise-wide operations management
Wilson, D., Flint Hills Resources, L.P.

Several lessons learned were identified during the refinery project implementations.

Regional Report

Central America: A downstream outlook to 2020
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Due to the growth in the region’s middle class, Latin America has seen tremendous petroleum products demand growth over the past decade.

Heat Transfer

Determine fouling margins in tubular heat exchanger design

Fouling, which is caused mainly by the deposition and accumulation of an undesired layer of solids on a heat transfer surface, is very common in tubular heat exchangers.

Maintenance and Reliability

Create an operator ownership culture to achieve continuous improvement in reliability—Part 2
Parris, M., Shell; Cameron, D., Tesoro Petroleum (retd.)

Operators have a significant influence on a plant’s reliability.

Process Optimization

Improve refinery flexibility and responsiveness
Olsen, T., Schodowski, E., Emerson Process Management

The hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) has changed significantly with an abundance of available discounted crude oils, a rise in markets served beyond the traditional local or regional demands, and a renewed focus on being both competitive and profitable while complying with ever-changing regulations.

Process Technology

Bitumen partial and targeted upgrading: The next step
Kresnyak, S., Wagner, J., Expander Energy

Alberta, Canada oil sands production is projected to reach 3.2 MMbpd by 2020 and to further increase by 2030, to about 5.2 MMbpd.

Water Management

Proposed US water definition may alter future of HPI
Murawski, E., Kleinfelder

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) proposed Rule 33 CFR Part 328, a regulation intended to redefine and clarify the reach of the EPA’s jurisdi..


HP Editorial Comment: Is the global refining sector growing toward overcapacity?
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The global refining sector has been a bright spot for the oil and gas industry for nearly a year.

HP Reliability: Reader feedback: How one manager views Pareto’s 80/20 rule
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In March, Hydrocarbon Processing obtained feedback on its February “Reliability” column.

HP Automation Strategies: New modular control architectures offer potential to increase end-user value
Gupta, M. S., ARC Advisory Group

With few exceptions, control architecture in the process industries has changed little over the past 40 years.

HP Automation Safety: Conducting audits to confirm safety standard compliance
Gruhn, P., Rockwell Automation

The ISA 84 (IEC 61511) standard on safety instrumented systems (SISs) in the process industries states that assessments and audits are required to determine that functional safety has been achieved and maintained.

HP Global: First phase of Middle East refinery projects nearly complete
Moradi, S., FACTS Global Energy

The first phase of new refining capacity in the Middle East has already come onstream, with more than 1.1 MMbpcd of incremental capacity in Saudi Arabia (at SATORP and YASREF refineries) and the UAE (..

HP Engineering Case Histories: Case 86: Causes of auger feeder screw failures
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

What is an auger feed screw? Feed screws are used to transport granules and other products by pushing or pulling the product along.

HP Viewpoint: Should there be an end to fermentation ethanol?
Brownstein, A. M., ExxonMobil (retired)

In 2005, the US Congress determined that fuels derived from renewable resources, such as biofuels, will play a major role in ensuring US energy independence.

HP Business Trends
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

To satisfy its growing refined fuel demand, Latin America has relied heavily on imports from the US. Major refinery projects have been announced to curb this reliance, but the drop in crude oil prices has limited capacity expansions.

HP Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The US product market continued to reflect a surge in domestic gasoline demand, allowing gasoline cracking spreads to hit levels not seen in more than two years.

HP Innovations
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

New valve offers zero leakagePentair Valves and Controls has expanded its Vanessa triple offset valves (TOVs) product line with the launch of the Series 30-RS.

HP People
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Golnar Motahari Pour has been named to succeed Gerard de Reuver as president of DSM Dyneema.

Engineering and Construction Solutions Supplement

New projects decline, but backlog holds strong
Kulkarni, P., Gulf Publishing Company

Even after the recent downturn in oil and natural gas pricing, our analysis shows why downstream E&C companies can depend on a strong backlog to last through the decade.