Distillation

History of the HPI: The 2000s: Net-zero, environmental regulations, capacity acceleration and digital transformation

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

This final installment of the History of the HPI series details major events in the refining and petrochemicals industry over the past 20 yr, including stricter regulations/initiatives to curb carbon emissions, a safer and more environmentally friendly way to produce and handle chemicals, significant capital investments to boost production capacity and digital transformation.

History of the HPI: The 1990s: Clean fuels and emissions mitigation, M&A, GTL and the fieldbus wars

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Much like several initiatives passed in the 1970s and 1980s, the 1990s were a decade heavily focused on environmental issues, with many new regulations being enacted to not only mitigate industrial and vehicle emissions but also to advance the production of clean fuels globally.

Online Exclusive: Overhead automation and analytics lead to improved optimization of production and reliability

The efficient operation of crude oil distillation units (CDUs) improves profits and distillate yield while optimizing production costs and reliability. Simultaneously, it is possible to reduce caustic use, positively impacting downstream sodium impact resulting in increased fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) catalyst costs, coker furnace fouling and other issues.

History of the HPI: The 1980s: Oil spike/collapse, liquid crystals, conducting polymers and the rise of AR/VR

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Several major impactful events took place in the global oil and gas and petrochemical industries in the 1980s.

Enabling a circular economy delivery model through truckable modularization

Villegas, M., Koch Modular Process Systems

As resources become scarcer, and as costs continue to rise, companies are looking for new methods to reduce their material feedstock costs and remain competitive.

Preferential baffle reboiler—Part 2

Sharma, A., Process Engineer

Distillation towers consume ~30% of the energy in a refinery or petrochemical facility. The reboiler is the stomach of the distillation tower that consumes the energy to separate the components.

HP Flashback: Excerpts from the 1960s: Petrochemicals rise in prominence and new know-how in refining processes

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Petrochemicals rise in prominence and new know-how in refining processes

Combating naphtha reflux section corrosion mechanism and production losses in a CDU

Gezer, N., Kahraman, K., Tüpraş

Corrosion is one of the most important challenges that refineries face (FIG. 1).1

HP Flashback: Excerpts from the 1950s: Capacity expands after WW2 and technologies and maintenance mature

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The following is a mixture of technical articles, columns and headlines published in the 1950s by Petroleum Refiner, the forerunner to Hydrocarbon Processing.

Investigation and diagnosis of startup foaming issues at a new tail gas treater

In May 2021, Phillips 66 started up a new methyl diethanolamine (MDEA)-based tail gas unit at its Belle Chasse, Louisiana, refinery.