Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

March 2008


Special Report: Instruments and Networks

Online transfer from an analog electronic control system to a modern DCS
Fauji Fertilizer Co. Ltd.: Ali, R.  |  Anwar, Z.

Proper planning, personnel training and interdepartmental communications were keys to the success of this project

Fieldbus in your future: Training overcomes complexity issues
Fieldbus Center, Lee College: Carter, C.

A comprehensive instruction program can help plant management prepare personnel for the new era of digital process control

Satisfying safety standard competency requirements
exida LLC: Goble, W.

Deploying a robust, IEC conformant safety instrumented system requires uncompromised competency in every step of the process

Using Industrial Ethernet for process automation
PROFIBUS Trade Organization: Henning, C.

Two standards organizations provide this capability

Novel approach for process plant monitoring
Jubail United Petrochemical Co., Sabic: Al-Baiyaa, M.  |  Lenka, C.
National Institute of Technology: Khalfe, N.  |  Lahiri, S. K.

Using statistical data compression important process changes can be quickly detected and identified

Chromatographic methods to analyze ethanol and gasoline/ethanol blends
Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.: Mott, J.  |  Taylor, M.

These techniques offer better process control and can improve the bottom line

Connecting fieldbus—selecting the system to match the task
MTL Inc.: Verhappen, I.

Power supplies, cables and connectors are critical to project success

Bonus Report: Heat Transfer Developments

Case 43: Containing a failed impeller
Consulting Engineer: Sofronas, A.

A quick analysis can help direct further efforts

Optimize heat transfer networks
Texas A&M University: Al-Azri, N.  |  El-Halwagi, M.
Saudi Aramco: Thubaiti, M.

An innovative method applies heat integration to cost-effectively retrofit bottlenecks in utility systems

Consider heat integration to improve separation performance
Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology: Horiuchi, K. I.  |  Iwakabe, K.  |  Matsuda, K.  |  Nakaiwa, M.  |  Nakanishi, T.
Beijing University of Chemical Technology: Huang, K.

Innovative approaches gain efficiency for distillation operations

Fuzzy approach for cascaded refrigeration synthesis
Suez Canal University, Department of Chemical and Refining Engineering: Aly, S.  |  Awad, M.  |  Rabea, F.

The proposed method provides accurate results with less computation

How to select the best reboiler for your processing operation
Fluor Corp.: Tammami, B.

Guidelines streamline choosing a heat exchanger to maximize process efficiencies


HP Control: Part 1—What happened to simple useful APC techniques?
Petrocontrol: Friedman, Y. Z.

Advanced process control (APC) is labor intensive, requiring about one experienced engineer per three major units, a level of effort rarely matched, even in well-run plants. And to do the job right, ..

HP Reliability: Vent gas compressor selection
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Energy conservation is of ever-increasing importance to process plants from the smallest to the largest. Gas streams that were flared a decade ago are now often recompressed and recycled back to the ..

HPIn LNG: Keeping the path clear for LNG
Center for Liquefied Natural Gas: Cooper, B.

There is no question about it. With a growing national population, the US must make critical decisions now about how it will address the increasing demand for energy. As the cleanest burning fossil fu..

HP Integration Strategies: Leveraging portals for team productivity
ARC Advisory Group: Hill, D.

Portals are readily available for organizations to take advantage of their ease-of-use and inherent collaboration potential. In many ways, the technology is "right for the times." Portals make use of..

HPIn Europe: Reluctantly hauling aboard the peak oil train
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

BP's volte-face investment in oil sands, Shell's ominous allusions to a decline in gas, all this emperor's clothes nonsense in Alberta, supermajor share buybacks and the rise of the financial players ..

HP Associations: FIATECH supports technology development across industries
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

 BILLY THINNES, News Editor       Comments? Write: BT@HydrocarbonProcessing.com   ..

HP Innovations

Low-sludge batch reactor system offers significant power savings Siemens Water Technologies' OMNIFLO interchange sequencing batch reactor (ISBR) system is claimed to provide the most energy-efficient ..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

Fluor Corp. will provide integrated engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) for Marathon Oil Corp.'s projected $1.9 billion expansion and upgrade of the company's Detroit, Michigan, refinery...

HP Construction: South America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

PetroquímicaSuape started construction of a purified terefthalic acid (PTA) plant, to be built at Suape, in Ipojuca, Brazil. The plant is expected to be able to produce 640,000 tpy. The predicte..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  Foster Wheeler Energía, S.A. has a contract for a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) with Sener, Ingeniería y Sistemas, S.A. for Petronor. The boiler will be integrated in a cogene..

HP Impact: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

The Qatar Fertilizer Co. (QAFCO) has an agreement with GE Oil & Gas for the supply of gas turbine and compressor technology for a fertilizer plant expansion project. The GE equipment will be used for..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  CB&I has a contract in excess of $60 million with Star Petroleum Refining Co. Ltd. to build a new jet fuel processing plant and related storage and shipping systems in Rayong Province, Thailand..

HP Construction: Africa
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

A consortium of AMEC, JAGAL and NETCO has been awarded a five-year contract by Mobil Producing Nigeria (MPN) for the upgrade and expansion of offshore and onshore oil and gas production facilities in..

Free Literature

A wireless way to free trapped data For most of the field devices in all but the newest plants, operators have a treasure trove of smart digital data that cannot be readily accessed and put to good us..

HP Impact: HPImpact: China leads world in methanol fuel blending
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

In 2007, China became the world's largest methanol producer and consumer. China also leads the world in the use of methanol as an alternative transportation fuel, blending nearly 1 billion gallons of ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Process safety incident evaluation tool launched
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Occupational injury and illness metrics aren't optimal for gauging the effectiveness of a company's process safety program. The Baker Panel that investigated the 2005 BP refinery disaster in Texas Cit..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Volatility impels update to rules of thumb for cost estimations
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

During the early stages of a project, engineers and estimators use rules of thumb to rapidly establish defensible cost estimates. These guidelines are usually based on historical breakdowns of cost co..

HP Impact: HPImpact: New report finds 'plenty of potential' in Alaska fields
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a comprehensive new report examining the potential for Arctic Alaska to remain a major contributor to US domestic energy supply. Key findings indicate tha..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Refining margins, product prices boost major's earnings
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

ConocoPhillips (CP) reported a higher net income for fourth-quarter 2007 as compared to the same quarter in 2006 in its most recent filing. The company announced a net income of $4,371 million vs. $3,..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Ranking global coal resources I have been a regular reader of your very informative magazine. But, I would like to comment on an "HP Impact" item that ran in June 2007 ("Economic realities push coal'..


Allowable vapor control valve pressure drops
Jacobs Engineering: Yu, F.

Understand the relationship between the pressure drop and the process system

HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

US energy market outlook The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) has recently been tasked to evaluate trends in the international trade of pe..