Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

August 2005


Special Report: Fluid Flow and Rotating Equipment

A simple way to estimate equipment pressure drops
Jacobs Engineering: Yu, F.

The equivalent line length method can be used to estimate equipment pressure drop at different operating conditions

Root-cause failure analysis applied to a gas turbine failure
Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Ltd. (HPCL): Chatterjee, S. K.

This case study illustrates the method

Oil mist lubrication for electric motors
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Use these guidelines to improve reliability and efficiency

Combine troubleshooting and continuous monitoring of dynamic data for critical machinery
Engineering Dynamics Inc.: Atkins, K. E.

Advanced systems provide more data and increase reliability

Retrofitting pillow-block bearings with optimized oil mist lubrication
Lubrication Systems Co.: Branham, D. C.

This refinery significantly increased bearing life

Reliability driven asset management strategy for reciprocating compressors
Nutech Ontario: Pradhan, S. A.

Use these methods to reduce mean-time-to-repair and increase availability

Engineering Case Histories

Case 28: Steel component fretting
Consulting Engineer: Sofronas, A.

The problem can greatly reduce component fatigue life

Gas Processing Developments

Fine-tune refrigerated LPG loading line operations
Mustang Engineers, LP: Chen, C. C.

Elevation changes affect the pressure profile and phase behavior; such conditions impact product loading

Heat Transfer

Repair critical-service exchangers with innovative methods
Reliance Industries Ltd.: Rajkumar, R.

In this case history, unconventional maintenance techniques stopped chronic leaking for an olefin's heat-exchanger circuit

Laboratory Analyzers

Organic chlorides determination
Thermo Fisher Scientific: Van Strien, A.

Microcoulometry can provide quantitative analysis for halogenated compounds

Petrochemical Developments

Improve CO2 removal from ammonia plants
Special Secretary to Government of Kerala, and Chairman, Chemical Engineering Division Board of the Institution of Engineers: Nair, M. P. Sukumaran

New developments raise the profitability and reliability for existing and grassroots units


HP Reliability: Test your knowledge of machine shop practices for centrifugal pumps
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

This column has often expressed the belief that process plants are lacking in applying fundamentals and that chasing after high-tech solutions makes little sense if a plant has not mastered the basics..

HP Integration Strategies: Condition monitors become smaller, cheaper and almost wireless
ARC Advisory Group: Forbes, H.

Condition monitoring for rotating equipment has been identified as a major potential application for wireless sensor networks in manufacturing. Only a small percentage of the rotating equipment instal..

HPIn Europe: European refiners pocket 60ยข/gal premium for octane
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

Shell's marketers in Germany and elsewhere are doing some pretty cool stuff with their gasoline. And then there're surprising, some might say, slightly crazy things happening in biogasoline in Sweden ..

HP Water Management: Audit your deaerator performance
MarTech Systems, Inc.: Huchler, L. A.

Deaerators remove dissolved oxygen from boiler feedwater to prevent corrosion of downstream components such as feedwater heaters, economizers and boilers. Dissolved oxygen has retrograde solubility, i..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

New service package improves monomer production The Building Blocks business unit of Degussa AG has developed a new service package for monomers production facilities. SiYPro – Simplify Your Pr..

New Developments

Flowmeter solution to small-line flow measurement The ST75 series flowmeter features wireless IR link communications. This is said to be ideal for flowmeters installed in..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Chevron Global Refining is upgrading its Pascagoula, Mississippi, refinery's fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) capacity by about 25% from its current 63,000 bpd. This will increase the refinery's g..

HP Construction: South America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

ABB has a $360,000 consulting agreement with PDVSA to improve electrical motors and pumps reliability in the Complejo Refinador Paraguaná (CRP) facility in Venezuela. ABB Performance Services con..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Uhde Inventa-Fischer and Zhejiang Euro-Asia Film Materials Co. Ltd. have started what is claimed to be the first and largest multi-line BOPET direct film casting line in Shaoxing, Peoples Republic of ..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

The Turkish Petroleum Refineries Corp. (Tüpras) has selected Axens for its gasoline pool upgrading project. Axens will provide its Benfree and Prime-G+ technologies as part of a program to produc..

HP Construction: Asia Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Bayer MaterialScience AG is opening a toluene diisocyanate (TDI) production facility in Caojing, China. It is scheduled to begin operation in 2009 with a 160,000 tpy capacity. The project is part of..

Free Literature

Reduce system costs with perfluoroelastomer seals In a new brochure, "Optimize Total System Cost," DuPont Dow Elastomers claims that its Kalrez perfluoroelastomer seals can save engineers 10% to 20..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  Short-term energy markets outlook The WTI crude oil pri..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Price spiral could affect coal next
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Significant increases in natural gas and oil prices have captured the attention of business developers, consumers and headlines. Not so visible, however, have been the recent increases in the cost of ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Rising oil cost spurs new appeal of GTL process
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The perceived competition between LNG and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) GTL is neither for markets (LNG serves the utilities market; F-T GTL serves the transportation fuels markets), nor for gas resources, sa..

HP Impact: HPImpact: CO2-free power promises advances in reforming
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

BP's recently announced hydrogen power station project could have spin-off benefits for sites that rely heavily on hydrotreating or sulfur removal or are based within greenhouse gas emissions trading ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Expanding economies, new technologies spur industrial valve sales
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Global industrial valve sales were about $40 billion in 2004. By 2010, annual sales will exceed $50 billion, says a new report by the McIlvaine Company (www.mcilvainecompany.com). A number of publicly..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Oil supply to outpace demand by 2007, says new CERA report
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Despite current fears that oil will soon "run out," global oil production capacity is actually set to increase dramatically over the rest of this decade, according to a new report by Cambridge Energy ..

HP Impact: US Gulf Coast must focus on value-chain products to compete
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

What is the future of the US Gulf Coast petrochemical industry? According to Avi Nash, market analyst and formerly a partner with Goldman Sachs, the US Gulf Coast petrochemical industry will be viable..

HP Impact: HPImpact: EU framework for water quality impacts downstream operations
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The European Commission's Water Framework Directive (WFD) was intended to replace a patchwork of other legislation, often overlapping and even contradictory, on various aspects of water management and..