Refining

Venezuela's refining arm Citgo on the verge of yet another power shake-up

A new battle for control of Citgo Petroleum, the eighth largest U.S. oil refiner and Venezuela's foreign crown jewel, could soon be unleashed under a proposed management shake-up by the South American country's opposition lawmakers.

Advanced Petrochemical to invest $1.6 B in three Saudi plants

Advanced Petrochemical Company, based in Saudi Arabia, said that one of its subsidiary, Advanced Polyolefins Industry Company has signed several agreements worth $1.6 B to fund the construction of plants at Jubail Industrial City II.

UK to examine petrol and diesel market in depth

Britain launched an in-depth study of the gasoline market to investigate a widening gap between crude oil and fuel prices, as well as the difference between pump prices in rural and urban areas.

Austria to tap fuel reserves again during refinery outage

Austria said it plans to release fuel from its national reserves for a second time since an accident at the country's biggest refinery in June prolonged an outage that is set to continue at least for another month.

Citgo ready to resume oil imports from Venezuela if U.S. authorizes

Citgo Petroleum is willing to resume imports of Venezuelan crude, suspended since 2019 by Washington's sanctions on its parent company PDVSA, if the U.S. government authorizes the flow.

Developing and utilizing a novel, toughened epoxy adhesive

Wade, I., Belzona Polymerics Ltd.

When identifying solutions that can offer assurance and longevity, the maintenance and reliability of asset repairs can be challenging.

History of the HPI: The 1980s: Oil spike/collapse, liquid crystals, conducting polymers and the rise of AR/VR

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Several major impactful events took place in the global oil and gas and petrochemical industries in the 1980s.

Hydroprocessing catalyst reload and restart best practices—Part 1

Dyke, S., PetroQuantum; Pongboot, N., Global R&D

Hydroprocessing (hydrotreating and hydrocracking) units are high-pressure, high-temperature units that have multiple reactors, multiple beds per reactor and specialized metallurgy.

HRSG water/steam sampling: Do it right or face potential consequences

Buecker, B., ChemTreat, Inc.; Powalisz, J., Sentry Equipment Corp.

Many large industrial facilities—including refineries, and chemical and petrochemical plants—are increasingly turning to co-generation for process steam and power production.

The effects of highly corrosive fluids on valves and disasters that can be avoided

Welsford, G., ValveMan

Some of the highly corrosive fluids in the oil and gas industry contain the following compounds: carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, chlorides and moisture.