September 2010


Special Report: Refining Developments

Fine-tune processing heavy crudes in your facility
Falkler, T., Sandu, C., Baker Hughes

A better understanding of asphaltene stability in crude oils allows refiners to increase blending of ‘opportunity’ feedstocks

Consider high-impact constructability issues for refineries
Carter, R., Fluor Constructors International

Upfront investment has a positive effect on project execution

Biorenewables update: What is beyond ethanol and biodiesel?
Cascone, R., Nexant; Burke, B., Nexant, Inc.

New processing technologies have broadened potential ‘drop-in’ alternatives for transportation fuels

Improve vacuum tower revamp projects
Costanzo, S., Pilling, M., Wong, S. M., Sulzer Chemtech USA, Inc.

A ‘balanced approach’ investigates separation of vapor and liquids in the flash zone/wash section design

Mitigate corrosion in your crude unit
Hilton, N. P., Nalco Company, Energy Services Division

Real-time analyzers can provide improved monitoring of chloride levels and enable better corrosion control practices

Bottomless refinery: Improve refinery economics
McKenna, P., Sheikh, F., GE Energy

Integrating gasification process with residue upgrading can produce high-value multiproduct streams while decreasing total refinery emissions

20 questions: Identify probable causes for high FCC catalyst loss

Here is a list to troubleshoot your catalyst problems

Upgrade FCC performance—Part 1
Couch, K. A., UOP LLC; Wolschlag, L. M., UOP LLC, a Honeywell Company

New ceramic feed distributor offers ultimate erosion protection

Upgrade FCC performance—Part 2
Couch, K. A., UOP LLC; Wolschlag, L. M., UOP LLC, a Honeywell Company

New ceramic feed distributor offers ultimate erosion protection

Engineering Case Histories

Case history 58: Piston pin plug wear
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

A wear analysis can help when failure data are meager

Loss Prevention

Hydrobulging of storage tanks and its effect on first support selection
Choudhury, M. G., Reliance Engineering Group (REG); Johri, S., Tripathi, R., BecRel Engineering Pvt. Ltd.

Case studies prove that installing variable spring supports is a viable option

Maintenance and Reliability

Spiral-wound or kammprofile gaskets?
Reeves, D. W., Chevron Richmond Refinery; Yoder, C., Garlock Sealing Technologies

There appears to be a shift toward the latter, but the choice isn’t always clear. Here’s where best to apply each type.


HP Control: APC application ownership
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol

Advancec process control (APC) requires skilled control engineers, and where such engineers are not available, even well-implemented APC applications quickly become ineffective. That much is known and..

HP Integration Strategies: Sustainability program management with EAM
Rio, R., ARC Advisory Group

Moving to a sustainable manufacturing model requires significant changes throughout the enterprise. Some HPI companies use a top-down approach in which senior managers set targets to which engineers a..

HP Reliability: Eccentric reducers and straight runs of pipe at pump suction
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Questions relating to proper reducer application in centrifugal pump suction lines date back many decades. Until his death (at age 84, in 1995), world-renowned pump expert Igor Karassik frequently cor..

HP Water Management: Utility water boot camp for process engineers—Part 1
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

The refining and petrochemical industries employ a large number of process engineers. Plants often assign newly graduated engineers to the utility water area. Process engineers in each operating unit ..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

HP Construction: Europe
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

HP Impact: BP to pay $50.6 million for Texas City explosion
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Gas-over-oil pipeline actuator  The Shafer SH series of gas-over-oil valve actuators are said to be ideally suited to automate valves used for gas transmission, as well as at..

Engineering and Construction 2010 Supplement

Managing projects in a global environment
Poddar, S. K., Poddar & Associates

What does it take to facilitate projects in several time zones away?