Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

July 2007


Special Report: Liquefied Natural Gas Developments

Improve recovery of intermediate components with LNG
Chevron Energy Technology Co.: Huang, S.

Using LNG as feed stream provides opportunities to optimize methods for recovering intermediate components in gas processing

LNG import terminal on a gravity base structure offshore
Consultant: Kumar, S.
Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd.: Nakachi, I.

An alternative design to a land-based facility is a compact, modular construction resting on the seabed

New Italian offshore liquefied natural gas receiving terminal
Adriatic LNG: Mangia, C.

How this facility is meeting stringent regulatory requirements and saving energy

Unwanted sulfur contamination in natural gas
Consultant: Chesnoy, A. B.
Woodside Research Facility: Pack, D. J.

Minimize the effect this element has on your processing systems

North American natural gas market and infrastructure
Consultant: Mokhatab, S.
David Wood & Associates: Wood, D. A.

The race is on to expand liquefied natural gas capacity to meet growing demand

Bonus Report: Alternative Energy Sources

Clean fuel trends in Asia: Contribution of MTBE
Asian Clean Fuels Association: Woo, C.

Growing vehicle population requires innovative solutions to curb air emissions

Improve prediction of cetane index and smoke point
Syncrude Canada Ltd.: Yui, S.

New correlations more accurately estimate properties for conventional and oil sands-derived middle distillates

New power approach reduces air emissions
Jacobs Canada Inc.: MacGregor, R.

Integrating binary power plants conserves heat energy and generates electricity for bitumen extraction site

Consider coal for olefins production
Johnson Matthey Process Technologies: Roberts, P.
Davy Process Technology: Sutton, M.

Advanced methods use methanol as a valuable processing step to convert coal into various petrochemicals

Engineering Case Histories

Case 39: Vibration failure of a heat exchanger tube
Consulting Engineer: Sofronas, A.

Flow-induced vibration damage is a commom problem

Fluid Flow/Valves

Allowable liquid control valve pressure drops
Jacobs Engineering: Yu, F.

Providing valve pressure drops at minimum, normal and maximum flows enables selecting the proper valve for the full operating range


Similar service assessment of aboveground storage tanks
Tank Industry Consultants: Lieb, J.
Enbridge Energy Company LP: Mikkola, C.

API publishes the 4th Edition of API Standard 653


HP Reliability: Reliable plants are never an afterthought—Part 2
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

      Last month's column explained that truly world-class petrochemical and refining companies invest roughly 5% of the cost of equipment in pre-purchase reviews and reliability audits..

HP Automation Safety: All failures are systematic
exida LLC: Goble, W.

      For many years, a debate has been ongoing over random vs. systematic failures. Why all the fuss? In functional safety work, one must treat "systematic" failures very differently f..

HP Integration Strategies: Better visibility of activities 'inside the fence'
ARC Advisory Group: Forbes, H.

Hydrocarbon processing manufacturers need more visibility into the field work activities that occur within their plants but outside of the control room (and often outside of the view of their process ..

HPIn Europe: Carbon efficiency is the buzz at Brussels
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

It's been a year now since I wrote about my slow awakening to climate change and more than 18 months since I predicted that the G8 statement at Gleneagles would "change everything." What an amazing ye..

HPIn LNG: New standard for fire and corrosion protection
International Paint LLC: Dibble, David

In September 2005, Phase I construction began on the Freeport LNG regasification terminal located on Quintana Island, approximately 70 mi. south of Houston, Texas. This project is the first and larges..

HP Innovations

Licensed 'green' diesel process offers improved properties UOP LLC and Eni S.p.A. have developed a new processing technology to produce a high-quality diesel or diesel blendstock. The process, Green D..

New Developments

Electromagnetic flowmeter delivers increased protection The OPTIFLUX 5000 with flanged connection is now available with high-tech ceramics for smaller meters. Ranging in sizes from DN 15 to DN 100, th..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

  Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. has a contract from Fort Hills Energy L.P. to provide engineering design and procurement services for the utilities and off-sites (U&O) component of the bitumen pr..

HP Construction: South America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

  Borealis is investing R$18 million in the acquisition of a new extrusion line to enlarge its Itatiba (SP) plant. Borealis has two production units in Brazil located in Itatiba (SP) and Triunfo..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

  BASF started its expanded plant for medium molecular weight polyisobutene (MM PIB) in Ludwigshafen, Germany. The result is an increase in capacity of 6,000 metric tpy of MM PIB. The company no..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

  Cryostar, a subsidiary of The Linde Group, has a contract with Samsung Heavy Industries to supply on-board boil-off gas reliquefaction plants for five LNG tankers to be built by 2008. The moder..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

  BASF's new engineering plastics compounding plant at its Pudong site in Shanghai, China, came onstream in March 2007. It has a capacity of 45,000 tpy. With the new plant, BASF's total compoundi..

Free Literature

    Burner to reduce energy usage  The Envirojet burner from Hamworthy Peabody Combustion is said to provide low emission levels without the use of recirculated flue gas (RFG)...

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  'Realities' of biofuels Ethanol and biodiesel production is rapidly increasing, "but the challenge of producing biofuels at a lower cost than..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Upstream project costs showing signs of peaking, says CERA
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The dramatic cost surge in the oil and gas industry continues, but the rate of growth shows some signs of slowing, according to the latest update of an upstream capital costs index (UCCI) from market ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: LNG likely to be in short supply by 2013, says forecast
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Demand for liquid natural gas will likely exceed supply in six or seven years, leading to significantly higher prices for Asian and other buyers, according to Frank Harris, head of global LNG at consu..

HP Impact: HPImact: Economics of coal-to-olefins route vary regionally
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

In the leading industrial nations, demand for chemical feedstocks is mainly satisfied by oil. With deep reserves, coal is an alternative source for chemical feedstocks gaining renewed interest. Analys..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Flue gas desulfurization forecast to ramp up over the next decade
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

After decades of "famine" the world's flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system suppliers are now "feasting" with global orders in 2006 reaching over $11 billion. So says new research from The McIlvaine C..

HP Impact: HPImpact: China's energy demand races upward during 10th Five-Year Plan
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

During China's 10th Five-Year Plan (2001-2005), the country's output for crude oil and refined products maintained a yearly increase. A recent study by FACTS Global Energy reviews key growth rates. Co..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Automation services industry: riding the crest to 2011
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Automation suppliers continue to benefit from strong demand for automation services across the entire spectrum of the plant lifecycle and the scope of nearly all automation products and applications. ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: New world of work requires investment in people knowledge
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The energy industry is increasingly seeking successful strategies for attracting and retaining a new pool of talented young people. At the same time, the valuable knowledge and lessons learned of seas..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Analyzing RCFA You made some very good points in your February 2007 "HPIn Reliability" column "When is a good practice a bad practice," but I think you also missed a few key issues. In 1999, during m..