Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

July 2005


Special Report: LNG and GTL Developments

North American LNG terminals: Options?
KBR: Caswell, C.  |  Durr, C.  |  Patel, H.

Several critical factors should be considered when designing receiving facilities

Improved regasification methods reduce emissions
Mustang Engineers, LP: Hubbard, B. S.  |  Worthington, W. S.

New technologies promote monetization of global LNG

LNG receiving and regasification terminal operations
Vopak LNG Holding BV: Lemmers, S. P. B.

Understanding and controlling boil-off gas pressure enhances energy efficiency

Bonus Report: Heat Transfer Developments

Consider spiral heat exchangers for fouling applications
Alfa Laval: Wilhelmsson, B.

The inherent 'self-cleaning' action reduces downtime

Cost savings of 'zero-fouling' crude oil preheaters
KLAREN BV: DeBoer, E. F.  |  Klaren, D. G.
Whitson Sullivan Co.: Sullivan, D. W.

Unique configurations of proven self-cleaning fluidized bed heat exchangers virtually eliminate fouling in this application

The fouling limit in crude oil preheat train retrofits
Centre de Recherche de Gonfreville: Derouin, C.  |  Petitjean, e.
ESDU International Ltd.: Polley, G. T.

Here are the design considerations for both single exchangers and exchanger networks

Simplify your thermal efficiency calculation
Petro-Canada: Patel, S.

Standard charts and a spreadsheet help

Process Developments

Recover lube extraction gasoils from vacuum distillation units
Bantrel Co.: Zeidan, A.

Modeling methods explore revamping the vacuum unit to optimize lube oil production

Process Technology/Distillation

Consider dividing wall distillation to separate solvents
Koch-Glitsch UK: Spencer, G.

Using an established technology as part of a revamp installation provided new products at lower capital and operating costs than conventional methods


Improve and sustain process plant operator performance
Center for Process Plant Management,LLC, and TTS Performance Systems, Inc.: Pankoff Sr., J. A.

A systems approach can enhance workforce execution to achieve operational excellence (OpX)


HP Control: Part 3 – What is advanced process control?
Petrocontrol: Friedman, Y. Z.

Part 1 discussed what APC attempts to do and how it makes money. Part 2 discussed the structure of modern APC. This part discusses MVPC's small optimizer and the importance of inferential models.. S..

HP Reliability: Configure pump suction piping carefully
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

The purpose of pump piping is to provide a conduit for the flow of liquid to and from a pump without adversely affecting its performance or reliability. However, many pump performance and reliabilit..

HP Automation Safety: IEC 61508 Certification: a standard for all instruments
exida LLC: Goble, W.

Recently, I saw a magazine advertisement; it was a common Ogilvy style with the headline "Safety Is Not An Option." This ad was very eye catching for anyone involved in the design and implementation o..

HP Integration Strategies: Operational efficiency is no longer strategic
ARC Advisory Group: Woll, D.

The focus on cost and efficiency that has served manufacturing well in the past has reached a point of diminishing returns and will not be a successful strategy moving forward. Manufacturers who achie..

HPIn Europe: Congress mulls problem of small-minded engineers
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

Europe's largest meeting of chemical engineers will this month attempt to reconcile an increasing divergence between the nuts and bolts of practical engineering and the sometimes mystical science of t..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

New service eliminates critical joint failure A new service with innovative features has been launched by Furmanite, the global specialty services company geared to maximizing asset uptime. It is cl..

New Developments

Moisture measurement inside natural gas pipeline The HYGROPHIL-F 5672 fiber-optic moisture analyzer claims to offer excellent accuracy (±1° dew-point temperature ..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

ConocoPhillips has a joint development agreement with Sound Energy Solutions (SES), a wholly owned Mitsubishi Corp. subsidiary, to develop the proposed liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal at..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Akzo Nobel will invest €26 million in two chemical businesses. Capacity will be increased at its ethylene amines production facility in Stenungsund, Sweden, and a new plant in Skoghall, Sweden,..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Haldor Topsøe's low energy ammonia technology will be used at a 2,000 metric tpy ammonia plant in the ammonia/ urea complex to be built by Sohar International Urea & Chemicals Industries at the..

HP Construction: Africa
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Chart Industries, Inc.'s Energy and Chemicals Group received an order including cold boxes, core-in-kettle and brazed aluminum plate fin heat exchangers (BAHX) from Bechtel Inc. The equipment will b..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Heurtey Petrochem France has a lump sum turnkey contract to supply a steam cracker furnace for ExxonMobil Chemical's Singapore chemical plant located at Jurong Island. The local portion of the contrac..

Free Literature

Field-repairable, cost-effective valve Burckhardt Compression's Poppet Valve is said to perform excellently in demanding applications with gases containing oil and particles..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  LNG supply and demand constraints Europe's gas demand w..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Environmental standards in India: new constraints pressure refiners
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Environmental issues are receiving growing awareness in India. This has translated into that nation developing a policy framework through regulations, as well as implementing international standards t..

HP Impact: HPImpact: US polymerization catalyst demand to grow 5.5%/yr
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Growth in US polymerization catalyst demand will derive primarily from increased polymer production and the expanding use of higher-value Ziegler-Natta and single-site catalysts. "These catalysts, ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: US wholesale natural gas market likely to remain tight this summer
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Projected warmer-than-normal summer weather in the South and West, increasing economic demand and relatively flat production could lead to higher natural gas costs this cooling season, according to an..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Interim report outlines causes of Texas City refinery explosion

On March 23, 2005, an early afternoon blast at BP Products North America's Texas City, Texas, refinery claimed the lives of 15 workers and injured more than 170 people. The company has issued an inter..

HP Impact: HPImpact: 'Fear' factor impacts oil price up to 50%, says CERI report
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The Canadian Energy Research Institute (CERI) monitors world energy markets and performs assessments of geopolitical factors affecting global oil supply and demand. Like many industry analysts, the ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: New developments in syngas technology
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

A recent survey from Nexant Chem Systems (www.nexant.com) takes a look at technologies used to generate mixtures of carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Commonly referred to as synthesis gas or syngas, these..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

University process safety curriculum I am responding to Angela Summer's editorial "Bhopal: Could it happen again?" (March 2005). Ms. Summers raises some important points in her piece regarding th..