Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

February 2004


Special Report: Clean Fuels

Avoid retrofit pitfalls through improved FEED
Parsons International Ltd.: Eskaros, M.

Incomplete front-end engineering efforts can be costly oversights and contribute to project overruns and missed goals

Case history: Fawley FCCU olefins project
Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd.: Payne, J. B.
HP Editorial Staff: Roberts, M. T.
ExxonMobil Engineering Europe Ltd.: Thomas, C. N.

Careful planning enabled the delivery, construction and installation of a replacement 860-ton reactor within a 64-day turnaround

Review fundamentals when retrofitting for ULSD
Mustang Engineering Inc.: Johnson, J. W.  |  Palmer, R. E.

The success of revamps is driven by accurate front-end process design. Performing feasibility studies controls cost estimates and ensures meeting goals for upgrades

Case history: Desulfurization of FCC naphtha
Statoil ASA Research and Technology: Grande, K.  |  Moljord, K.  |  Rosvoll, J. S.  |  Skjolsivk, P. A.
Statoil Mongstad Refinery: Johansen, S.  |  Kuhnle, S.  |  Sorum, P. A.
ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co.: Roundtree, E. M.  |  Sapre, A. V.

This refiner used pilot-plant testing of actual refinery FCC streams to find the best technology for blending 10-ppm gasoline

Apply new strategies for your clean fuels programs
Valero Energy Corp.: Braeutigam, J. R.
Clean Fuels Clearinghouse: McMartin, C.

Credits and allotments for early compliance with low-sulfur fuels can be effective business tools

Apply online analyzers to monitor 'sulfur-free' fuel
East Greenbush: Beumer, B.  |  Radley, I.

New x-ray fluorescence methods enable real-time detection of low sulfur concentration in hydrocarbons

Engineering Case Histories

Case 19: A steam turbine diaphragm failure
Consulting Engineer: Sofronas, A.

Confined water converted to steam develops high pressures


Using creep life assessment of FCCU internals to determine operational reliability
Carmagen Engineering, Inc.: Thornton, D. R.

These guidelines can help avoid failures

Project Management

Evaluate risk and plan for the unforeseen
P.E., Marathon Ashland Petroleum LLC: Talavera, P. G.

By understanding our liabilities, we can limit them and convert the future from enemy to opportunity


HP Reliability: Consider composite materials in centrifugal pumps
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Fluid processing industries have embraced the use of current- generation composite materials in centrifugal pumps to increase efficiency, improve mean-time- between- repair (MTBR), and reduce repair c..

HP Integration Strategies: Performance intelligence empowers performance management
ARC Advisory Group: Fiske, T.  |  Woll, D.

For too long, automation resources have focused on manufacturing assets. Yet arguably a corporation's most valuable assets are its people. Companies that support a collaborative environment and share ..

HPIn Europe: MOL moves ahead despite Central European uncertainty
European Refining & Marketing: Pitt, R.

At a time when some oil companies in Central and Eastern Europe are not quite sure what is happening, one company is advancing its plans to become a large player in this increasingly important area. T..

HP Water Management: Understanding refinery wastewater treatment basics – Part 2
MarTech Systems, Inc.: Huchler, L. A.

Part 1 of this column (November 2003) discussed operational complexity, waste stream characterization and free oil removal. This part discusses unit operations for emulsified oil, biological treatment..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

Detector accurately finds levels in coke drums Ohmart/ VEGA has developed a side-mounted gamma radiation technology ? the coke drum level system. Coking is a batch operation; refiners strive to fill..

HP Impact: LNG summit sees urgency in building NA import facilities
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Future shortfalls of natural gas in North America (NA) can be mitigated if government and the energy industry act decisively to establish facilities for importing liquefied natural gas (LNG), accordin..

HP Impact: Car to remain king, says EU study on members’ driving
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Transport is developing into one of thefastest-growing consumers of energy. Recently published researchfrom the European Commission shows results of its investigationinto future driving habits. The re..

HP Impact: Package waste recycling to double in the EU
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

An agreement reached by the EuropeanParliament and Council conciliation committee will increase theminimum recycling targets for packaging waste from 25% to 55% by2008. The recent agreement is an upda..

HP Impact: HDPE unit receives energy efficiency award
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

ATOFINA Petrochemicals, Inc.’s Bayport,Texas, facility has been awarded the American Chemistry Council’s(ACC) Energy Efficiency Award for Significant Improvement inManufacturing at a Plant S..

HP Impact: DOE revising voluntary emissions reporting
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Aiming to improve the accuracy andverifiability of greenhouse gas emissions data, the US Departmentof Energy (DOE) is proposing revised guidelines. Under the new rules, a wide range ofentities &#150..


Security system collaboration Dyadem International Ltd. (Dyadem), a software provider for risk professionals, and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), are collaborating on security ..

New Developments

Intrinsically safe digital camera Robust housing and high-IP rating reportedly make this intrinsically safe digital camera (3.2 Mio pixel, 4x digital zoom) ideal for use in ..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

The Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries(IHI) and ICA Fluorconsortium have a lump-sum, turnkey agreement with Terminal de LNG de Altamira S de RL de CV,to construct thefirst Mexican liquefied natural ..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd. (FWEL), a Foster Wheeler Ltd.subsidiary, has an engineering andprocurement services and reformer furnace supply contract with Petrom SA,the state oil company of Rom..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Qatar Petroleum and ConocoPhillipshave a statement of intent (SOI) to constructa gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant in Ras Laffan, Qatar. The SOIinitiates detailed technical and commercial pre-front-..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Aker Kvaerner Australia and its sister company Kvaerner Process Systemscompleted the gas processingfacilities expansion at the Ballera Gas Centre in SouthwestQueensland, Australia. Aker K..

HP Construction: Africa
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Saab Rosemount, an Emerson Process Managementsubsidiary, is supplying Sonatrachwith radar-based tank gauging systems to beinstalled at two refineries in Algeria. NAFTECT Skikda will install12..

Free Literature

Vertical level switches for industrial applications KSR Kuebler offers a broad family of single- and dual-loop-powered vertical level switches. Measurement applications incl..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  China revises exportrebate policy ..

HP Impact: Year-end 2003 refining margins dip, then recover
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Refinery margins in the Atlantic Basinslipped lower in December compared to November averages, largely onthe failure of products to fully match crude price increasesthrough the first three weeks of th..

HP Impact: Argentina promoting compressed natural gas vs. fuel cells
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Argentina’s Chamber of CompressedNatural Gas – which joins providers and equipment makers – is atwork on a Latin American project to unify standards. “The aim is tocreate a contine..

HP Impact: World industrial valve demand to gain 5.5%/yr
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The market for industrial valves isforecast to exceed $60 billion in 2007. This represents animprovement over the 1997 –  2002 period, reflectingaccelerating macroeconomic growth in the deve..

HP Impact: US chemicals market ‘ready to grow again’
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Structural challenges for the chemicalsindustry continue, but macroeconomic indications are that the USbusiness of chemistry finally is ready to grow again, says a recentstudy from The American Chemis..


Boost gas turbine performance by inlet air cooling
The Cool Solutions Company: Andrepont, J. S.
Paragon Litwin: Dharmadhikari, S.

Use these guidelines to evaluate the options

Plan for success with your clean fuels program

Producing low-sulfur transportation fuels involves more than selecting process options. Here are other vital key issues to consider

Consider integrating refining and petrochemical operations

Converting low-value gas oil streams via hydrocracking yields high-value olefins feedstocks