- Global Energy Infrastructure
Special Report: Clean Fuels
Petroleum refining: a look at the future
Here’s a view of long-range spending strategies, including new technologies and proper hydrogen management
Improved planning can optimize solutions to produce clean fuels
Refiners may consider using alliances with contractors to shorten design and construction time for environmentally driven projects
Project alliance delivers 'green' fuels
A cooperative effort between a refiner, gas supplier and utility / power company enabled construction of a highly integrated refinery upgrade ahead of schedule
What are the options to meet Tier II sulfur requirements?
To meet ultra-low sulfur specifications for diesel and gasoline, U.S. refiners will 'retool' existing facilities; feedstock changes, operational/processing adjustments and installing new post treatment technologies are some possible choices
Combine power options with clean fuels projects
A build-own-operate project structure involving refinery upgrade results in increased product yield and power production
Cat naphtha sulfur management: undercut or not?
Several processing options can create a high-sulfur heavy cat naphtha that concentrates FCC sulfur into one stream
Consider improved liquid alkylation catalysts
To process 'cleaner fuels,' refiners will seek octane gains from the blending pool; alkylate refinement is a possible solution
Process ultra-low sulfur diesel
New catalyst technology efficiently works at the molecular level to remove thiopenes
Improve APC uptime using analyzers with predictive models
This hybrid approach reduced payback time by about 10%
Engineering Case Histories
Is ultrasound leak detection reliable for steam traps?
Know the conditions that invalidate reliability of this method
HP Control: Support Professional societies
Are you or your employees members of a professional society? If so, why? If not, why not? Society membership is declining everywhere. Why is this happening? As a member of multiple societies..
HP Reliability: Become familiar with turboexpander applications
For many years turboexpanders have been used in cryogenic processing plants to provide low-temperature refrigeration. Power recovery has been of secondary importance. Expander efficienc..
HP Water Management: Basic cooling water treatment
Water treatment for cooling systems has three primary objectives: corrosion, deposition and microbiological control. System components with high temperatures on heat-transfer surfaces a..
Trends and Resources
HP Construction: HPIn Construction
ABB signs contract for project implementation ABB has signed a lump-sum turnkey contract with Murphy Oil USA, Inc. to implement a major portion of Murphy's Clean Fuels project in its Me..
HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon solvents producers have entered into an international agreement to advance their safe use. By creating the International Hydrocarbon Solvents Consortium (IHSC), 18 manu..
HP Impact: HPImpact: What are the consequences of high oil and gas prices?
Continuing high oil and gas pricing may have long-term effects on the international petrochemical industry through product pricing, feedstock selection and market competitiveness. Currently, both crud..
HP Impact: HPImpact: API speakers assess supply, demand crunch
At an annual press briefing, representatives from the American Petroleum Institute (API) analyzed U.S. petroleum supply and demand statistics and also provided insight into the current energy environm..
HP Impact: HPImpact: Performance outlook: U.S. chemicals industry
Shipments in the U.S. of chemicals rose 6% in 2000, to total $464 billion. Gains were in life sciences, 7-1/4%; specialty chemicals, 6-3/4%; and industrial chemicals, 5%. Exports. According to data fr..
HP Impact: HPImpact: M&A's transitioning to 'buyer's' market
Through the first nine months of 2000, $23 billion in chemical deals were completed. This compares to $29.4 billion in the year-ago period. Including deals that have closed since then, it appears unli..
HP Impact: HPImpact: Miscellany of note in the HPI
• The Fieldbus Foundation has released an alpha version of its High Speed Ethernet (HSE) Testing Kit. The kit is intended for testing HSE linking devices, which are critical components of the H..
In Memoriam Philippe Bonnet
Philippe Bonnet 1920 – 2000
Association of the German Petroleum Industry
Bill Crowley, Contributing Editor Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Here's another very..
Flo P. Stephens, Editor, Departments/International       Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProces..
Flo P. Stephens, Editor, Departments/International Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Italy'..
In this issue, significant editorial pages are dedicated to "clean fuel" strategies. Sulfur is the leading nemesis of motor-fuel blending streams. Worldwide, many new regulations furthe..
Comparing failure rates
Safety integrity level (SIL) verification per ISA84.01 and IEC61508requires that a probabilistic evaluation be done on the hardwareused in a safety instrumented function (SIF). Data necessary forthat ..
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Construction Boxscore: Project Spotlight
Long Son Petrochemicals Complex
Long Son, Vietnam
Siam Cement Group