Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

August 2000


Special Report: Fluid Flow

Easy way to estimate realistic control valve pressure drops
Jacobs Engineering: Yu, F.

Use this method to ensure proper operation and minimize operating costs


What are the options to control VOC emissions?
Met-Pro Corp., Systems Division: Parvesse, T.

Due to stringent environmental laws, operators may consider catalytic processes to destroy hazardous pollutants

Fluid Flow

Consider variable-speed, motor-driven compressors in refrigeration units
Fluor Daniel B. V.: Altena, W.  |  Heijkers, C.  |  Zeemering, E.

Depending upon ambient conditions and electricity prices, operating savings can justify the additional cost

Standardizing emerging metering and electronics technologies
SS Tech Services: Sivaraman, S.  |  McCartney, A.

Use these guidelines for testing and analyzing new technologies for custody transfer applications


Safety instrumented system design: valuable lessons learned
ICS Triplex, a Rockwell Automation Company: Gruhn, P.

Reduce refinery risks by applying new methods based on information acquired from previous experiences

Maintenance and Reliability

Benchmarking: a reliability driver
HSB Reliability Technologies: Oliverson, R. J.

Approaches range from purely quantitative to highly qualitative

Process Technology

Revamped FCC debutanizer yields flexibility with more capacity
Process Consulting Services, Inc.: Hanson, D. W.
BP Amoco Oil Co.: Becker, T.

Since not achieving goals from an earlier retrofit, a refiner investigated this column's distillation internals to maximize value creation

Project Management/Engineering and Construction

Improved project definition ensures value-added performance - Part 1
Stone & Webster Engineers and Constructors, Inc.: Smith, C. C.

Use these techniques to produce and manage a plan for successful execution

Improved project definition ensures value-added performance – Part 1: Fig 5
Stone & Webster Engineers and Constructors, Inc.: Smith, C. C.

Fig. 5. Primary engineering deliverables for all project stages. ..


HP Reliability: Machine scanning is coming of age
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

For quite some time, our columns and bound texts have explained that forward-looking companies are no longer expecting experienced vibration analysts and technical personnel to look for..

HPInternet: West Texas Research Group Economics
Competitive Analysis Technologies: Crowley, B.

If you are a frequent reader of this column, you know that we don't usually recommend company Web sites. This is because there are so many good ones, and we can't cover them all in a on..

HP Insight: Engines of change
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Romanow, Stephany

Last year, many members of the HPI were anxious over how the new millennium would impact this industry. During the late 1990s, many factors - crude oil prices, global recession (for som..

HP Insight: Engines of change Fig. 1
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Romanow, Stephany

Fig. 1. Major polyolefins manufacturers. ..

HP Water Management: Sacrificial anodes in cooling water systems
MarTech Systems, Inc.: Huchler, L. A.

Cooling water chemical treatment programs are designed to control deposition and corrosion. In most systems, there is a trade-off between corrosion and deposition control. When the chem..

HP Automation Safety: Separation – control and safety
exida LLC: Goble, W.

There are many questions in the minds of engineers working to meet new safety standards like ANSI/ISA S84.01 and IEC 61508. One question that I have heard quite a bit lately relates to ..

Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Stephens, F. P.

Flo P. Stephens, Editor, Departments/International       Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com IBM, White Plains, New York..

HPInformer: International
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Stephens, F. P.

BP Amoco plc, Harwell, UK, and AEA Technology-Hyprotech have formed a multimillion-dollar business and technology alliance. Hyprotech Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of AEA Technology plc, is a leadin..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Stephens, F. P.

ABB awarded polyTHF plant by BASF ABB has been awarded a lump-sum turnkey contract by BASF for a plant producing the plastic precursor polytetrahydrofuran (polyTHF). The new polyTHF plant, including s..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Detections are actually declining for MTBE and other constituents of gasoline being found in groundwater, says the Oxygenated Fuels Association (OFA). MTBE has been found in less than 1% of California..

HP Impact: Environmental rules impact UK refining
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

What are the impacts for the petroleum refining industry of UK environmental directives for 2005 and beyond? A recent study by Foster Wheeler on behalf of the UK Environment Agency prov..

HP Impact: Major chemical firms’ strategies in Asia
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The globalization strategies of most leading chemical companies are based on a scenario of the world economy's development until 2010, according to analysts with SRI International, Menl..

HP Impact: Responsible Care successes in UK
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The latest Chemical Industries Association (CIA) Responsible Care survey on health, safety and environmental (HS&E) performance during 1999 shows that the association's Responsible Care..

HP Impact: B2B e-commerce’s role in operations
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Wendy Weirauch, Managing Editor       Comments? Write: WW@HydrocarbonProcessing.com The who..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the editor

HP In Water Management: equation corrections Please direct your attention to "Letters to the editor" appearing in the April 2000 issue of Hydrocarbon Processing (HP) magazine. Informatio..


The ISA SP95 connection
ABB: Singh, S.

Bringing real-time information from the plant into business systems is a challenging problem, and it is becoming more important as companies start optimizing their supply chains and adopt agile manufacturing strategies.