Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

February 2007


Special Report: Clean Fuels

Use real-time optimization for low-sulfur gasoline production
Axens: Bader, J.-M.  |  Guesneux, S.

As the main sulfur source in the gasoline pool, fluid catalytic cracker (FCC) gasoline cuts must undergo severe hydrodesulfurization (HDS) processing to achieve ultra-low-sulfur gasoline (ULSG) pool s..

Debottleneck operations due to 'cleaner fuels' production
Linde AG, Linde Gas Division: Schreiner, B.

Oxygen enrichment is an option to reduce loadings for Claus plant

Update processing operations to handle heavy feedstocks
Peace River Oil: Brierley, G. R.
UOP LLC: Cowan, T. M.  |  Gembicki, V. A.

Processing synthetic crudes will impact quality and quantity of transportation fuels; thus, modifying refinery configuration is necessary

Biofuels today and tomorrow
Lurgi AG: Noweck, K.

Next-generation technologies can impact the world's transportation fuels market

Canadian oil sands: Opportunities, technologies and challenges
Petro-Canada: Patel, S.

Energy resources found at the Arctic Circle have potential

Optimize your hydrocracking operations
Saudi Aramco: Rashid, K.

The hydrocracking experience for a Gulf Coast refinery illustrates potential problems with poor catalyst selection

Minimize your refinery flaring
Reliance Industries Ltd.: Harishbabu, V.  |  Prasad, Y. B.  |  Sharma, R. K.

This facility installed a flare gas recovery system improving emissions and increasing revenue

Biofuels are coming—How will this affect refiners?
Foster Wheeler, Reading: Stockle, M.

Changing blending and product demands will require significant adjustments by refiners

Bonus Report: Process and Laboratory Analyzers

Perform automated distillations with fast gas chromatography
Arnel, Inc.: Wentzel, C. S.

Using this analytical technique can increase productivity

Piping/Heat Transfer

Improve vertical reboiler piping analysis
Reliance Refinery: Chowdhary, M. G.  |  Darji, P.
Reliance Industries Ltd.: Sharma, R. K.

Vertical reboilers (shell-and-tube heat exchangers) are widely used in the petrochemical industry for performing the necessary vaporization function for various types of distillation columns/separatio..

Rotation Equipment/Maintenance

Controlling coupling guard leakage
Saudi Aramco: Al-Khowaiter, A.  |  Worrel, K. M.

Coupling guard oil leakage on critical gas compressor trains can be a problem causing delays in startup after repairs due to sealant curing times, and a daily nuisance to operators. At Saudi Aramco's ..


Optimum specification and quality requirements for pressure vessels
International Inspections Centre W.L.L.: Pullarcot, S. K.

Most pressure vessels are custom designed because of the specific requirements of the process. Depending on the service conditions, some of these vessels will fall under the category of lethal service..


HP Viewpoint: Biofuels—The great elixir?
National Petrochemical & Refiners Association: Slaughter, B.

Before collectively abandoning hydrocarbons and stocking up on carbohydrates for energy, let's make sure we fully understand the proper role for biofuels as part of the nation's transportation fuel mi..

HP Viewpoint: Biofuels must be compatible with current fuels
UOP LLC: Holmgren, J.

Biofuels are getting a lot of ink these days. Politicians and major media have lauded the idea of biofuels. This is understandable considering the rise in oil and gas prices over the past few years an..

HP Integration Strategies: Impact of wireless trends on the HPI
ARC Advisory Group: Forbes, H.

When we put wireless technology trends together, we can see that their combination may bring change to the way the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) works, and may bring this change faster than we..

HPIn Europe: Replace fuel oil with distillate? Refiners ask how
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

"It can't be done, at least not in that timetable." You get a pretty strong reaction when you put the ideas contained in a Marpol submission by the independent tanker owners association to a seasoned ..

HP Viewpoint: Strategies to manage reliability of water systems—Water doctors
MarTech Systems, Inc.: Huchler, L. A.

"Water doctor" is a colloquial term for a professional who serves as an expert technical resource for utility systems in industrial operations. Corporations typically employ this professional to provi..

HP Viewpoint: Biodiesel industry steps up quality enforcement efforts
Advanced Fuel Solutions: Nazzaro, P.

Paul Nazzaro       Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Fleet managers, petroleum distributors and other consumers sh..

HP Viewpoint: Renewable biofuels are here to stay
Galveston Bay Biodiesel, L.P.: Spence, W. C.

Our dependence on foreign oil is not only an economic issue, but also raises concerns on national security. The US must be proactive in reducing its dependence on traditional fossil fuels and in devel..

HP Viewpoint: Synthetic Fischer-Tropsch fuels gain acceptance
Syntroleum Corp.: Agee, K.

In Sept. 19, 2006, the US Air Force and Syntroleum Corp. achieved a major milestone. A synthetic Fischer-Tropsch (FT) fuel powered a B-52 Stratofortress airplane for the first time. In this test, two ..

HP Reliability: When is a good practice a bad practice
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

For years, it has been our contention that root-cause failure analysis (RCFA) is a skill that must be taught, absorbed and consistently practiced. We certainly concur with the CEO of an RCFA training ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Process automation market to reach nearly $79 billion
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Manufacturing companies continue to increase investments in capital expenditures for automation equipment. As a result, the worldwide market for total process automation will grow 6.4%/yr over the nex..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Coal-based product demand in US forecast to skyrocket
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The overall US market for coal-based products has grown from almost $3.4 billion in 2003 to an approximately $5.9 billion in 2006. By 2011, the US market is expected to reach nearly $12 billion—a..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Government, private firms join to enhance cybersecurity
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is facilitating monthly teleconferences with international control system vendors and equipment manufacturers to discuss ways to increase cybersecurity in ..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Chevron U.S.A. Inc. completed its fluid catalytic cracking unit expansion at its Pascagoula, Mississippi, complex. This increases the refinery's capacity to manufacture gasoline by roughly 10% to abou..

HP Construction: South America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Technip has a project management consulting (PMC) contract with Ecopetrol, Colombia's state oil company. The agreement is worth $50 million and will expand its refinery in Barrancabermeja, Colombia. T..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

BASF is expanding its production complex for diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) in Antwerp, Belgium. In the second quarter of 2007, the annual capacity of the two-train plant at BASF's Antwerp Verbund..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

GE Oil & Gas has two separate contracts to supply centrifugal compressors for two petroleum development Oman (PDO) projects: one in the Saih Rawl gas field of Central Oman, and the other in the Harwee..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Honeywell has a $2.5 million contract from TonenGeneral Sekiyu to oversee the Wakayama control house consolidation project. This will combine the oil refinery's existing process control operations int..

HP In Brief: February 2007 HPInBrief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  LNG market dynamics Unless the US builds necessary infrastructure to import natural gas, it will be at..

HP Impact: HPImpact: EIA: Fossil fuels to retain their share in US energy mix to 2030
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Despite the projected rapid growth of biofuels and other nonhydroelectric renewable energies and expectations of the first new orders for nuclear power plants in over 25 years, fossil fuels are foreca..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Global economies to slow in 2007, but fend off recessions
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Though GDP growth has decelerated in the US, it has remained strong in most other parts of the world and accelerated in some others—notably the "Eurozone." Economists with Global Insight believe ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Energy execs profile North America's LNG industry
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Over the past four years, US LNG import volumes have not been strongly related to US gas prices, according to David Hendicott, director of Global Gas LNG Strategy with ConocoPhillips. Speaking at a re..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Year 2007 to have hefty project additions in China, Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Over 20 projects in the chemical processing industry are in the engineering phase and set to begin construction in the first quarter of 2007. The combined total investment value of the 21 projects is ..


HPImpact: China expands dimethyl ether developments

 WENDY WEIRAUCH, Managing Editor       Comments? Write: WW@HydrocarbonProcessing.com A colorless gas with properties similar to LPG, dimethyl ether (DME) i..

An online sulfur monitoring system can improve process balance sheets
Gas Liquids Engineering Ltd.: Harris, B.  |  Mackenzie, S.
PetroChina: Wang, L.-Z.

A Canadian gas processor used this technology to meet environmental regulations

February 2007 New Developments

Selected by Hydrocarbon Processing editors       Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Monitoring flame impingement in process heaters The F..

February 2007 Free Literature

 Selected by Hydrocarbon Processing editors       Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Alliance for improved operations GEmerson Process Ma..