September 2009

Special Report: Refining Developments

Greenhouse gas emissions: Characterization and management

Proposed federal measures may require that refiners report and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions

  Recent developments in US climate change legislation and regulation of greenhouse gases (GHGs) are encouraging refiners to take a serious look at the GHG emissions from their facilities, and to explore strategies to reduce their GHG footprints. The refining process involves separation and reaction processes that have significant energy requirements that are largely met through the combustion of fossil fuels, resulting in both direct GHG emissions at refineries, and indirect emissions when the energy is imported. Additional GHG emissions are generated from the combustion of accumulated carbon during catalyst regeneration, during hydrogen (H2) production via steam reforming of hydro

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