May 2004


Special Report: Maintenance/Reliability

Unique online leak repair techniques
Akhtar, O., Fateh, P., Fauji Fertilizer Co.

Consider these options when typical methods aren't feasible

Reduce both energy and maintenance costs
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Here's how synthetic lubricants can achieve these goals

Monitor and control cooling water corrosion
Choudhary, S. G., Tata Chemicals Ltd.

Corrosion coupons and online instruments help diagnose problems

Understand gaskets
Sahoo, T., Indian Oil Corp. Ltd.

Follow these guidelines to avoid sealing problems

Heat Transfer

Debottlenecking package refrigeration units
Patel, H., KBR

Consider these options to increase capacity

Plant Optimization/Environmental

Control microbial growth in your cooling water
Rahman, S., Karnaphuli Fertilizer Co. Ltd.

Proper monitoring and chemical dosing can alleviate this challenge

Safety/Process Operations

New API Standard provides comprehensive information on flares
Schwartz, R., John Zink Co. LLC

The mechanical aspects for safe design and operation of flaring systems are defined for the first time publicly


HP Reliability: A 'hundred-plus points' to improve pump reliability, Part 3
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Last month's column addressed items 35 to 68. Here we present items 69 to 102. F. Mechanical improvement options continued 69. In lieu of item 68, strongly consider using Vespel CR6100 carbon fil..

HP Water Management: What about my softeners?
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Water pretreatment for boilers operating below 1,000 psig (6.89 MPA) requires removal of scale-producing cations (calcium and magnesium) from filtered water. The common term for calcium and magnesium ..

HP Integration Strategies: Optimizing asset effectiveness through performance monitoring
Fiske, T., ARC Advisory Group

For enterprises in the process industries, the value-added in manufacturing happens to be the cornerstone of business performance. As such, optimizing asset effectiveness is at the forefront of today'..

HPIn Europe: Refiners face new pollutant emission register
Pitt, R., European Refining & Marketing

The European Pollutant Emission Register (EPER) was launched in February by the European Commission. EPER is the first Europe-wide register of emissions into air and water from large and medium-sized ..

HP Innovations

Measure wet gas up to 5% liquid  Fig. 1   Slotted DP meter accurately measures wet gas with u..

Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Specialty compounds business sold BASF is selling its specialty polystyrene business, which includes flame retardant and antistatic polystyrene specialty products compounds to Spartech Polycom SAS, ..

New Developments

Acoustic bubble spectrometer The Acoustic Bubble Spectrometer (ABS) exploits the fact that bubbles strongly affect acoustic wave propagation. It is useful in two-phase flow applications where knowle..

HP Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

CB&I Matrix, a CB&I subsidiary, has a lump-sum turnkey EPC contract with Valero Energy Corp. CB&I will engineer and construct a new 60,000 bpd gasoline desulfurization unit at Valero's 185,000 bpd ref..

HP Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Fluor Corp. is providing engineering and procurement services for a major oil and gas processing facility on Russia's Sakhalin Island. Contract value is $80 million. The agreement is with Exxon Nefteg..

HP Construction: Middle East
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

SNC-Lavalin has an agreement with Gulf Farabi Petrochemical Co. Ltd. to construct an n-Paraffin and linear alkyl benzene (LAB) plant in Saudi Arabia. The project is valued at $338 million. SNC-Lavalin..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

GE Energy is supplying a gas turbine and additional equipment to expand a power plant in the Karachaganak oil field near Aksai, Kazakhstan. GE will provide Karachaganak Petroleum Operating B.V. (KPO) ..

HP Construction: South America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

GE Energy is supplying two compression modules to Petrobras Netherlands BV for a new floating production unit (FPU) to be located in the Campos Basin, off the coast of Brazil. The new FPU will be owne..

HP Construction: Africa
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Fluor Corp. has a contract with Shell SA Energy and BP Southern Africa for engineering, design, procurement and construction management services. The agreement is for a clean fuels project at the join..

Free Literature

Pneumatic components and systems Parker Hannifin Corp.'s Automation Group has released a new product selection guide and an accompanying electronic catalog on CD for its com..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff


HP Impact: Global petrochemicals to see robust earnings as supplies shrink
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Demand for basic petrochemicals and thermoplastics, while growing slowly through the poor economic times, ?is on a relentless path to overwhelming supply,? according to Gary Adams of CMAI, a market re..

HP Impact: LPG opportunities center in Asia
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The price of propane remains high. Thus, propane demand by the olefins industry has cycled downward beginning in early 2002; the propane was too expensive to crack into ethylene. At the same time, pro..

HP Impact: China petrochemicals market booming, but risks abound
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A market analysis from CMAI forecasts China to account for 20 ? 35% of the growth in the polyolefins, styrenics, vinyls and polyester value chains through 2008. This demand has remained robust even th..

HP Impact: US refiners face challenges in making capacity decisions
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Refining capacity and factors affecting decisions to alter that capacity were issues discussed at NPRA's annual meeting. ?Capacity decisions, by the nature of the assets involved, are influenced by bo..

HP Impact: Owners seek better data delivery to operations functions
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Owners and operators are on a quest to leverage the automation investments made during design and engineering into the day-to-day operations and maintenance (O&M) activities. Plant operations and ma..

HP Impact: Greenhouse gas report emphasizes balancing 'policy and politics'
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Recommendations for a mandatory greenhouse gas reduction program in the US are detailed in a report by two nonprofit organizations: Aspen Institute and the Pew Center on Global Climate Change. After..