September 2003

Special Report: Refining Developments

Clean fuels programs – Asia-Pacific and Western Europe styles

Two refiners from different continents strive to meet the challenges of producing lower-sulfur fuels while endeavoring to protect the environment

Confuorto, N., Belco Technologies Corp.; Lepage, J. P., Axens; Ross, J., Axens North America

Worldwide, environmental laws now mandate the production of cleaner fuels. Consequently, refiners are experiencing severe pressure from market forces and regulatory pressures. On the regulatory side, stringent product specifications limit sulfur content and gasoline composition while the emission limits for SOx, NOx, CO, CO2 and particulates are being tightened. Overlaying these changes are market forces that demand a change in the product mix, aside from quality. New and existing refining complexes will update their operations to comply with lower-sulfur content requirements. Such projects will also include measu

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