November 2003


Special Report: Plant Safety and Environment

Improve crane safety
Bates, G., Hontz, R. M., Carmagen Engineering, Inc.

Prequalifying suppliers is an important step

Pump cavitation caused by entrained gas
Barletta, T., Process Consulting Services, Inc.

Here's how the problem was solved on an FCC main fractionator

Dry gas seals and support systems: benefits and options
Saxena, M. N., Global Machinery Consultants Pty Ltd.

Follow these guidelines for proper specification, installation and maintenance

Air pollution control options to successfully manage VOC/HAP emissions
Martinson, C. M., The CMM Group, LLC

Choose the correct technology to comply with permitting requirements

A path forward for DCS alarm management
Connor, T., Fluor Corp.; Grosdidier, P., Grodidier Consulting Services; Hollifield, B., Kulkarni, S., PAS, Inc.

Follow these guidelines to reduce operator overload and improve plant safety


Add depth to technical training
Goyal, O. P., Visiting Faculty, Mumbai University Institute of Chemical Technology

Use these 15 approaches and real-world examples to refresh the knowledge base and analytical skills of engineers and plant managers


HP Reliability: Apply optimized method of stiffening pump base plates
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the late 1990s, Houston-basedStay-Tru Services developed a highly effective method to minimizefield installation costs and improve reliability of pump baseplates. Its "Stay-Tru Pre-Grouted Base Pla..

HP Water Management: Understanding refinery wastewater treatment basics - Part 1
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Every refinery has a treatment plant to remove petroleum contaminants, hazardous materials and suspended solids from wastewater prior to discharge to the local watershed or publicly owned treatment fa..

HP Integration Strategies: Standards are tools for achieving success
Ghosh, A., HP Editorial Staff

Companies across the world are facingfundamental changes in the ways they are managed and operated.Managers are continuously evaluating strategies and practices todetermine how to maintain and build m..

HPIn Europe: Privatization, acquisitions in the forefront
Pitt, R., European Refining & Marketing

The next 12 months would appear to be extremely active ones if comments made at the recent Central and Eastern European Refining Conference are to be believed. During the course of the conference, whi..

HP Innovations

Major industry player enlarges energy portfolio ConocoPhillips has acquired the patents and intellectual property associated with the E-GAS gasification technology. E-GAS is an advanced integrated gas..

Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Call for papers CCPS is calling for presentation papers for its 19th annual international conference. The meeting will be held June 21 – 23, 2004 at the Caribe Royale Resort, Orlando, Florida, an..

New Developments

Low-cost gas detector with plug-in sensors Intrinsically safe gas detector uses plug-in modular sensors to spot dangerous concentrations of more than 50 toxic or explosive gases – from arsine to ..

HP Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Freeport LNG Development, L.P. and Technip USA Corp., a Technip subsidiary, have a contract for front-end engineering design (FEED). The agreement will lead to finalizing the engineering, procurement ..

HP Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Technip has a lump sum turnkey contract with Motor Oil Hellas S.A. for new process units and utilities at its refinery in Corinth, Greece. The agreement is worth €300 million. The main process un..

HP Construction: Middle East
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Technip has a lumpsum turnkey contract with Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) for diesel hydrotreating facilities at its Riyadh Refinery. Technip's project scope also includes providing an amine re..

HP Construction: Asia Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

ABB completed delivering a distributed control system (DCS), safety system, and fire and gas system. The DCS was for the production process on a newly built floating production storage offshore (FPSO)..

HP Construction: South America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Technip USA Corp., in consortium with Ingeníera y Construcción Sigdo Koppers S.A. (I&CSK), has a contract with Compañia de Hidrógeno del Bío-Bío S.A. (CHBB). It is for en..

Free Literature

Details of sample panel design and construction Waters Equipment Co. has published a six-page, full-color brochure on steam and water-sampling systems (Bulletin W1200). It details construction and des..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Clean fuels plant undergoes testings The US Department of Energy (DOE) has dedicated a facility that ..

HP Impact: Methanol: next capacity wave, rationalization
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The year 2003 has witnessed both short supply and continuing high natural gas prices in the US. Unexpected industry losses of supply early in the year, totaling as much as 800 thousand metric tons, ar..

HP Impact: US catalysts demand for polymer production to grow 5.7%/year
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Catalyst demand in the US is forecast to increase 4.5%/yr to $3.5 billion in 2007. In volume terms, consumption will advance 2.1%/yr to 8.1 billion pounds. Growth will derive primarily from the contin..

HP Impact: Natural gas study advocates a focus for US policy
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The National Petroleum Council (NPC) recommends a portfolio of balanced policy initiatives that would save US energy consumers as much as $1 trillion in natural gas costs over the next two decades. In..

HP Impact: Computer simulator reveals risks for EU's energy supplies
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

POLES, a computer simulation of the world energy system takes a look at future energy needs and resources. By 2030, world energy consumption will have increased by 70%. More than half the demand will ..

HP Impact: Petrochemicals outlook optimistic as global GDPs improve
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The industry has withstood several major impacts that seemingly converged as the "perfect storm." Business dynamics, a soft economy, energy crisis and international events all comingled to create a tu..

HP Impact: Benchmark your plant's security program
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

HPI facilities are modifying their systems to prevent or minimize terrorist and other attacks. The Construction Industry Institute (CII) is developing best practices for project security and a methodo..

HP Impact: Polyethylene market recovering from glut
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to Jeff Lipton, CEO of Nova Chemicals, the industry has been under siege over the past decade. During the 1990s, the petrochemical industry constructed more capacity than needed. Unfortunate..

HP Impact: Chem engineers: focus on key research needs
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Most experts believe that the world's energy needs over the next 20 to 50 years will be met primarily by fossil fuels. Three main challenges in the future energy scenario are limited supply, environme..


Failure analysis of a primary reformer riser
Babakr, A., SABIC R&T; Al-Meshari, A., Al-Rabie, M., Saudi Basic Industries Corp.

Investigation revealed the root cause was creep rupture

Consider SCR to mitigate NOx emissions
Hefele, D. C., Jordan, R. L., Lash, F. W., Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.; Kunz, R. G., Cormetech Environmental Technologies

Integrated H2 production with a stationary gas turbine yields processing gases, steam and electricity while complying with stringent air-emission requirements of a nonattainment area