Catalysts

Stability evaluation of hot spots in the RDS process reactor

During the end-of-run (EOR) period of the authors’ company’s residue hydrodesulfurization (RDS) process in early February 2019, some hot spots occurred in the catalysts of the reactors.

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Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

IRPC Process Technology: The latest advancements in process technologies

Understanding HCN in FCC: Formation, effects and mitigating options

Riva, S., BASF; Challis, S., Chalcat Consulting

In these challenging times, fluidized catalytic cracking units (FCCUs) aim to improve margins by processing poorer- or different-quality feeds, while maintaining good yield performance.

Meeting the Tier 3 challenge with ultra-clean alkylate

Griffiths, E., KBR; Mukherjee, M., Exelus, Inc.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) introduced Tier 3 gasoline sulfur standards in 2017, requiring all U.S. gasoline producers to adhere to an annual 10-ppm average sulfur limit.

FCC NOx reduction methods: Complying with regulations without capital investment

Hobbins, P., Placid Refining Co.; Blair, H., Hochheiser, T., Johnson Matthey

As fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions regulations become increasingly strict, refiners are driven to find the most economic compliance option.

Ras Tanura: The creation of a clean-fuels complex

The primary objective of the Ras Tanura Refinery Clean Fuels Project is to enable the Ras Tanura refinery—the largest refinery in Saudi Arabia—to produce transportation fuels that will be compliant with future specifications.

Driving higher return with fuel-grade butanol at the refinery

Giles, J., Dow

Since the advent of the combustion engine, gasoline and automobile manufacturers have utilized additives as a means of improving overall fuel characteristics.

Digital: Harnessing the power of digital platforms to improve plant performance and increase customer success

Ratcliff, K., ExxonMobil

Digital online platforms offer significant potential benefits across the oil and gas value chain by employing advanced analytical tools and near-real-time access to technical expertise to improve day-to-day plant performance.

Business Trends: A sustainable future—Unraveled

Gentry, J., Sulzer GTC Technology

With the prominence in the oil and gas industry around sustainability, it is worthwhile to examine what it means to be “sustainable.”

Industry Perspective: IRPC Americas ONLINE: A sincere thanks

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Each year, Hydrocarbon Processing hosts events to bring together professionals in the oil and gas industry to share ideas and knowledge on the latest advancements in processing technologies and operations.