Hydrocarbon Processing Indian petrochemical demand could rise threefold by 2040 India's annual petrochemical consumption could nearly triple to 80 MMt by 2040 forcing the country to either raise imports or invest into building new facilities, said an executive at the nation's top refiner Indian Oil Corp. Indonesia targets sugar self-sufficiency in 5 yrs, eyes ethanol production Indonesia will expand its sugar plantation area to try to become self-sufficient in the next five years and is eyeing development of renewable sugar-based ethanol afterwards, President Joko Widodo said. Decarbonizing your fired heaters with hydrogen fuel Hydrogen has long been considered a high-value product, but not typically as a fuel for fired equipment. Why sulfur plants fail: An in-depth study of sulfur recovery unit failures—Part 2 Equipment malfunction or an unplanned shutdown of a sulfur recovery unit (SRU) can have a significant effect on a production company’s profitability, along with an equally serious impact on personnel safety and the environment. Innovations Anyone who has encountered foam clamshells for restaurant takeout food, white or green “peanut” packing to cushion shipments, or those thick foam blocks for protecting boxed furniture is familiar with expanded polystyrene (EPS). Integrated remote operations drive collaboration and autonomy Sensors, equipment and devices are becoming more intelligent, opening the door for autonomous operations, which is the ability for machines and processes to run while self-diagnosing and handling problems. Shift focus to more open control technology Plant control system modernizations that are necessary to meet today’s goals and strategies often come with organizational hurdles. Optimization of ethylene in the processing of hydrocarbons The measurement of moisture or humidity is very important in most industries, including the petrochemicals sector. Excess moisture in instrument air can cause pipes to rust or pneumatic equipment to malfunction. 2022 <em>HP</em> Awards Finalists Hydrocarbon Processing, the downstream processing sector’s leading technical publication for 100 yr, has announced the finalists for its sixth annual HP Awards, which celebrate innovative technologies and people that have been instrumental in improving facility operations over the past year. ASTM D5453 vs. D7039 and the importance of oxygen correction for B100 samples The use of biodiesel is rapidly becoming more popular due to growing trends both inside and outside the petroleum industry.